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{{#invoke:Side box|main}} The olive {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} or {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}, known by the botanical name Olea europaea, meaning "european olive", (syn. Olea sylvestris<ref name="Plantlist">http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-355062</ref>) is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, found in much of Africa, the Mediterranean Basin from Portugal to the Levant, the Arabian Peninsula, and southern Asia as far east as China, as well as the Canary Islands, Mauritius and Réunion. The species is cultivated in many places and considered naturalized in Spain, Algeria, France (including Corsica), Greece, Turkey, Cyprus, Malta, Croatia, Slovenia, Albania, Crimea, Egypt, Israel, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Argentina, Jordan, Morocco, Palestine, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, Lebanon, Java, Norfolk Island, California and Bermuda.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

The olive's fruit, also called the olive, is of major agricultural importance in the Mediterranean region as the source of olive oil. The tree and its fruit give their name to the plant family, which also includes species such as lilacs, jasmine, Forsythia and the true ash trees (Fraxinus). The word derives from Latin ŏlīva ("olive fruit", "olive tree"; "olive oil" is ŏlĕum)<ref>, </ref> which is cognate with the Greek ἐλαία{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} (elaía, "olive fruit", "olive tree") and ἔλαιον{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} (élaion, "olive oil").<ref>, .</ref><ref>In particular from a dialect that preserved digamma into historical times; thus *ἐλαίϝα{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} (OLD s.v. oliva, Ernout & Meillet s.v. oleum).</ref> The oldest attested forms of the latter two words in Greek are respectively the Mycenaean 𐀁𐀨𐀷{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, e-ra-wa, and 𐀁𐀨𐀺{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, e-ra-wo or 𐀁𐁉𐀺{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, e-rai-wo, written in the Linear B syllabic script.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }} {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }} {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }} {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The word "oil" in multiple languages ultimately derives from the name of this tree and its fruit.

Olive sections
Intro  Description  Taxonomy  History  Symbolic connotations  Uses  Cultivation  Production  Nutrition  Gallery  See also  References  External links  

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