::Occupation of Japan

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Dissolution of the Japanese Empire (click image for further information).


="2" Capital ="width:50%;" Tokyo


="2" Languages Japanese


="2" Military Governor || - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" •  ="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" 1945–1951 Douglas MacArthur - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1951–1952 Matthew Ridgway - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" ="2" Emperor - class="mergedbottomrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1945–1952|| 124th Hirohito - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" - class="mergedbottomrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0em;text-align:left;"Japanese surrender ="vertical-align: bottom;"August 14, 1945 ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0em;text-align:left;"Instrument of Surrender signed ="vertical-align: bottom;"September 2, 1945 ="3" { style="width:95%; background: transparent; text-align:center; margin:0 auto;" - style="text-align:center; border:0; padding-bottom:0"
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1945–1952

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[[File:Merchant flag of Japan (1870).svg|125px|alt=]] ="text-align:center;border:0; vertical-align:middle;" - style="font-size:95%;" style="border:0; text-align:center;" Flag style="border:0; text-align:center;" Imperial Seal }

Political structure Military occupation
Historical era Cold War
 •  Occupation established August 28, 1945
 •  Treaty of
San Francisco
April 28, 1952

The Allied occupation of Japan at the end of World War II was led by Douglas MacArthur, the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, with support from the British Commonwealth. Unlike the occupation of Germany, the Soviet Union was allowed little to no influence over Japan. This foreign presence marked the first time in its history that the nation had been occupied by a foreign power.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It transformed the country into a democracy that recalled American "New Deal" priorities of the 1930s politics by Roosevelt.<ref>Theodore Cohen, and Herbert Passin, Remaking Japan: The American Occupation as New Deal (Free Press, 1987).</ref> The occupation, codenamed Operation Blacklist,<ref name="Takemae, pg. 39-40">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> was ended by the San Francisco Peace Treaty, signed on September 8, 1951 and effective from April 28, 1952, after which Japan's independence

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According to John Dower, in his book Cultures of War: Pearl Harbor/Hiroshima/9-11/Iraq, the factors behind the success of the occupation were:

Discipline, moral legitimacy, well-defined and well-articulated objectives, a clear chain of command, tolerance and flexibility in policy formulation and implementation, confidence in the ability of the state to act constructively, the ability to operate abroad free of partisan politics back home, and the existence of a stable, resilient, sophisticated civil society on the receiving end of occupation policies
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{{#invoke:Redirect template|main}}these political and civic virtues helped make it possible to move decisively during the brief window of a few years when defeated Japan itself was in flux and most receptive to radical change.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>


Occupation of Japan sections
Intro   Japanese surrender    Outcomes    Impact    Politics    End of the occupation    Criticism    Cultural reaction    Japanese women    See also    Notes    References    Further reading    External links   

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