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Kingdom of Norway
{{safesubst:#invoke:Separated entries|br}}
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Anthem: {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Location of  Norway{{#invoke:String
Location of  Norway{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(dark green)

in Europe{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(dark grey)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Oslo
{{#invoke:Coordinates|coord}}{{#coordinates:59|56|N|10|41|E|type:city||

| |name=

}}
Official languages Norwegian (Bokmål / Nynorsk) and
Lule Sami
Northern Sami
Southern Sami
(Sami languages are official in nine municipalities.)
Recognised regional languages {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Writing system Latin (Dano-Norwegian alphabet)
Ethnic groups {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Religion Church of Norway
Demonym Norwegian
In Norwegian: Nordmann
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
 -  Monarch Harald V
 -  Prime Minister Erna Solberg
 -  President of the Storting Olaf Michael Thommessen
 -  Chief Justice Tore Schei
Legislature Storting
History
 -  Unification 872 
 -  Kalmar Union 1397 
 -  Denmark-Norway 1524 
 -  Constitution 17 May 1814 
 -  Sweden-Norway 4 November 1814 
 -  End of Sweden-Norway 7 June 1905 
 -  German occupation 9 April 1940 
 -  Restoration from German occupation 8 May 1945 
Area
 -  Total 385,178<ref name="land area">Data is accessible by following "Create tables and diagrams" link on the following site, and then using table 09,280 "Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" for "The whole country" in year 2,013 and summing up entries "Land area" and "Freshwater": {{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}} Svalbard and Jan Mayen are included.</ref> km2 (61sta)
148,718 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 5.2b
Population
 -  2013 census 5,165,802<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref>
 -  Density 15.5/km2 (213th)
35/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $351.603 billion<ref name="imf2">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref> (46th)
 -  Per capita $67,445<ref name=imf2/> (4th)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $420.958 billion<ref name=imf2/> (22nd)
 -  Per capita $80,749<ref name=imf2/> (3rd)
Gini (2011)22.3<ref name=eurogini>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref>
low
HDI (2013)Steady 0.944<ref name="HDI">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref>
very high · 1st
Currency Norwegian krone (NOK)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Date format dd.mm.yyyy
Drives on the right
Calling code +47
Patron saint St. Olaf
ISO 3166 code NO
Internet TLD .noc
a. Includes Svalbard and Jan Mayen. (Without these two areas, the area of Norway is 323,802 km2, placing it 67th in the world.<ref name="CIA, List of states for area">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref>)
b. This percentage is for the mainland, Svalbard, and Jan Mayen. This percentage counts glaciers as "land". It's calculated as 19,940.14/(365,246.17+19,940.14).<ref name="land area"/>
c. Two more TLDs have been assigned, but are not used: .sj for Svalbard and Jan Mayen; .bv for Bouvet Island.

Norway ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} NAWR-way; Norwegian: About this sound Norge (Bokmål) or About this sound Noreg (Nynorsk)), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a sovereign and unitary monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus Jan Mayen and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard.Unknown extension tag "ref" The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories and thus not considered part of the Kingdom. Norway also lays claim to Queen Maud Land, a territory which is larger than Greenland, more than seven times the size of Norway proper, and about one-fifth of the Antarctic landmass. On most maps there had been an unclaimed area between Queen Maud Land and the South Pole until June 12, 2015 when Norway formally annexed<ref>http://www.thefreedictionary.com/annexation 2. To incorporate (territory) into an existing political unit such as a country, state, county, or city.</ref> that area.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> Until 1814, the Kingdom included the Faroe Islands (since 1035), Greenland (1261), and Iceland (1262).

Norway has a total area of {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} and a population of 5,165,800 people (2015).<ref name="Population">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The country shares a long eastern border with Sweden (1,619 km or 1,006 mi long). Norway is bordered by Finland and Russia to the north-east, and the Skagerrak Strait to the south, with Denmark on the other side. Norway has an extensive coastline, facing the North Atlantic Ocean and the Barents Sea.

King Harald V of the German House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg is the current monarch of Norway. Erna Solberg became Prime Minister in 2013, replacing Jens Stoltenberg. A constitutional monarchy, Norway divides state power between the Parliament, the King, and the Supreme Court, as determined by the 1814 Constitution. Between 1661 and 1814, Norway was an absolute monarchy, and before 1661, the King shared power with the Norwegian nobility. Traditionally established in 872 and a merger of several petty kingdoms, Norway is one of the original states of Europe and the third oldest European kingdom formed after the English and the French Monarchy. By the traditional count from year 872 The Kingdom has existed continuously for 1,143 years, and the list of Norwegian monarchs includes over sixty kings and earls.

Norway has both administrative and political subdivisions on two levels, known as counties (fylke) and municipalities (kommune). The Sámi people have a certain amount of self-determination and influence over traditional territories through the Sámi Parliament and the Finnmark Act. Norway maintains close ties with the European Union and its member countries (despite rejecting full EU membership in two referenda), as well as with the United States. Norway is a founding member of the United Nations, NATO, the Council of Europe, the Antarctic Treaty and the Nordic Council; a member of the European Economic Area, the WTO and the OECD; and is also a part of the Schengen Area.

The country maintains a combination of market economy and a Nordic welfare model with universal health care and a comprehensive social security system. Norway has extensive reserves of petroleum, natural gas, minerals, lumber, seafood, fresh water, and hydropower. The petroleum industry accounts for around a quarter of the country's gross domestic product.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> The country has the fourth-highest per capita income in the world on the World Bank and IMF lists, as well as ninth-highest on a more comprehensive <ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> CIA list. On a per-capita basis, it is the world's largest producer of oil and natural gas outside the Middle East.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> From 2001 to 2006,<ref name=autogenerated1>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and then again from 2009 to 2014, Norway had the highest Human Development Index ranking in the world.<ref name="HDI"/><ref name="HDI2">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>Norway top country in human well-being. United Press International, 15 March 2013. Retrieved 27 August 2013.</ref> Norway has also topped the Legatum Prosperity Index for the last five years.<ref>2013 Legatum Prosperity Index™: Global prosperity rising while US and UK economies decline. Legatum Institute, 29 October 2013.</ref>


Norway sections
Intro   Toponymy    History    Geography    Politics and government    Health   Economy    Demographics    Culture    See also    Notes    References   Bibliography   External links   

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