::North Korea


North::korea    Title::korean    Country::study    South::first    Https::world    October::state

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Democratic People's Republic of Korea
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Flag Emblem
Motto: {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Anthem: {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Area controlled by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea shown in green
Area controlled by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea shown in green
and largest city

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Official languages Korean
Official script Chosŏn'gŭl
Demonym {{safesubst:#invoke:list|horizontal}}
Government Juche single-party state (various interpretations)
 -  Supreme leader<ref name="leon_DPRK">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


Kim Jong-un[a]
 -  Chairman of the
Assembly Presidium
Kim Yong-nam[b]
 -  Premier Pak Pong-ju
Legislature Supreme People's Assembly
 -  Liberation 15 August 1945 
 -  Provisional People's Committee for North Korea established February 1946 
 -  DPRK established 9 September 1948 
 -  Chinese withdrawal October 1958 
 -  Total 120,540 km2 (98th)
46,528 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 4.87
 -  2013 estimate 24,895,000 (48th)
 -  2011 census 24,052,231<ref name="Nkorea2008">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


 -  Density 198.3/km2 (63rd)
513.8/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $40 billion<ref name="factbook">North Korea, CIA World Factbook, accessed on 31 March 2013.</ref>
 -  Per capita $1,800<ref name="factbook"/>
GDP (nominal) 2013 estimate
 -  Total $15,4 billion<ref name="unsd">National Accounts Main Aggregate Database, United Nations Statistics Division, December 2012.</ref>
 -  Per capita $621<ref name="unsd"/>
HDI (2010 (latest))Steady 0.540<ref name="Avakov2012">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


low · 174th
Currency North Korean won (₩) (KPW)
Time zone Pyongyang Time<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


}}</ref> (UTC+8:30)
Date format {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Drives on the right
Calling code +850
ISO 3166 code KP
Internet TLD .kp
a. ^ Kim Jong-un holds four concurrent positions: First Secretary of the Workers' Party, Chairman of the Central Military Commission, First Chairman of the National Defence Commission and Supreme Commander of the People's Army, serving as the "supreme leader" of the DPRK.
b. ^ Kim Yong-nam is the "head of state for foreign affairs". The position of president (formerly head of state) was written out of the constitution in 1998. Kim Il-sung, who died in 1994, was given the appellation "Eternal President" in its preamble.

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North Korea (About this sound listen), officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK; ), is a country in East Asia, in the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. The name Korea is derived from the Kingdom of Goguryeo, also spelled as Koryŏ. The capital and largest city is Pyongyang. North Korea shares a land border with China to the north and northwest, along the Amnok (Yalu) and Tumen rivers, and a small section of the Tumen River also forms a border with Russia to the northeast.<ref name=NYT22112>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> The Korean Demilitarized Zone marks the boundary between North Korea and South Korea.

Korea was annexed by the Empire of Japan in 1910. After the Japanese surrender at the end of World War II in 1945, Korea was divided into two zones by the United States and the Soviet Union, with the north occupied by the Soviets and the south by the Americans. Negotiations on reunification failed, and in 1948 two separate governments were formed: the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in the north, and the Republic of Korea in the south. An invasion initiated by North Korea led to the Korean War (1950–53). Although the Korean Armistice Agreement brought about a ceasefire, no official peace treaty was ever signed.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> Both states were accepted into the United Nations in 1991.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref>

The DPRK officially describes itself as a self-reliant socialist state and holds elections.<ref>Constitution of North Korea</ref> Internationally, however, it is considered a totalitarian dictatorship. Various outlets have called it Stalinist,Unknown extension tag "ref"<ref name=UPI>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref><ref name=scmp-yoo-sep-18-2013>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> particularly noting the elaborate cult of personality around Kim Il-sung and his family. International organizations have also assessed human rights violations in North Korea as belonging to a category of their own, with no parallel in the contemporary world.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The Workers' Party of Korea, led by a member of the ruling family,<ref name=scmp-yoo-sep-18-2013/> holds power in the state and leads the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland of which all political officers are required to be members.<ref name=parlunion5>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Over time North Korea has gradually distanced itself from the world communist movement. Juche, an ideology of national self-reliance, was introduced into the constitution as a "creative application of Marxism–Leninism" in 1972.<ref>Wikisource:Constitution of North Korea (1972)</ref><ref name="Juche">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> The means of production are owned by the state through state-run enterprises and collectivized farms. Most services such as healthcare, education, housing and food production are subsidized or state-funded.{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}} In the late 1990s, North Korea suffered from a famine that resulted in the deaths of hundreds of thousands of civilians. North Korea continues to struggle with food production to this day.<ref name="Pajamas Media">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

North Korea follows Songun, or "military-first" policy.<ref>H. Hodge (2003). "North Korea’s Military Strategy", Parameters, U.S. Army War College Quarterly.</ref> It is the world's most militarized society, with a total of 9,495,000 active, reserve, and paramilitary personnel{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[citation needed] }}. Its active duty army of 1.21 million is the fourth largest in the world, after China, the U.S., and India.<ref name="bgn">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It also possesses nuclear weapons.<ref name="economist-armied">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

North Korea sections
Intro   Etymology   History  Geography  Administrative divisions  Government and politics  Society  Economy  Culture  See also  References  External links  

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