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Map of the United States showing the state nicknames as hogs. Lithograph by Mackwitz, St. Louis, 1884.
The London Underground is nicknamed "the Tube"

A nickname is a shortened substitute for the proper name of a familiar person, place or thing, for affection or ridicule.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}</ref>

The term hypocoristic is used to refer to a nickname of affection between those in love or with a close emotional bond, compared with a term of endearment. The term diminutive name refers to nicknames that convey smallness, hence something regarded with affection or familiarity (e.g., referring to children), or contempt.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}.</ref>

The distinction between the two is often blurred. It is a form of endearment and amusement. As a concept, it is distinct from both pseudonym and stage name, and also from a title (for example, City of Fountains), although there may be overlap in these concepts.

A moniker also means a nickname or personal name.<ref name=merriam-webster>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The word often distinguishes personal names from nicknames that became proper names out of former nicknames. English examples are Bob and Rob, nickname variants for Robert.

A nickname is often considered desirable, symbolising a form of acceptance, but can sometimes be a form of ridicule.


Nickname sections
Intro   Etymology    Conventions in various languages    Uses in various societies    Performing arts and literature    Sports    Computing    People    Titles of geographical places    Collective nicknames of inhabitants of a geographical place    See also    References    External links   

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