Actions

::Nice

::concepts

France::french    Flagicon::place    Record::which    Title::thumb    D'Azur::savoy    Italian::square

{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}}{{#invoke:Check for unknown parameters|check|unknown=|ignoreblank=y | name | official_name | native_name | native_name_lang | other_name | settlement_type | type | translit_lang1 | translit_lang1_type1 | translit_lang1_type | translit_lang1_info | translit_lang1_type2 | translit_lang1_info1 | translit_lang1_type3 | translit_lang1_info2 | translit_lang1_type4 | translit_lang1_info3 | translit_lang1_type5 | translit_lang1_info4 | translit_lang1_type6 | translit_lang1_info5 | translit_lang1_info6 | translit_lang2 | translit_lang2_type1 | translit_lang2_type | translit_lang2_info | translit_lang2_type2 | translit_lang2_info1 | translit_lang2_type3 | translit_lang2_info2 | translit_lang2_type4 | translit_lang2_info3 | translit_lang2_type5 | translit_lang2_info4 | translit_lang2_type6 | translit_lang2_info5 | translit_lang2_info6 | image_skyline | image | imagesize | image_alt | image_caption | image_flag | image_seal | image_shield | image_blank_emblem | pushpin_map_narrow | pushpin_map | flag_size | flag_border | flag_alt | flag_link | seal_size | seal_alt | seal_type | seal_link | shield_size | shield_alt | shield_link | blank_emblem_size | blank_emblem_alt | blank_emblem_type | blank_emblem_link | image_map | mapsize | map_alt | map_caption | pushpin_map_alt | pushpin_mapsize | pushpin_relief | pushpin_image | pushpin_overlay | pushpin_label_position | pushpin_label | pushpin_map_caption | nickname | motto | anthem | image_map1 | mapsize1 | map_alt1 | map_caption1 | pushpin_map1 | pushpin_map_alt1 | pushpin_mapsize1 | pushpin_relief1 | pushpin_image1 | pushpin_overlay1 | pushpin_label_position1 | pushpin_label1 | pushpin_map_caption1 | image_dot_map | coor_pinpoint | coor_type | coordinates_type | population_total | population | coordinates_region | grid_name | grid_position | coordinates_wikidata | latd | latm | lats | latNS | longd | longm | longs | longEW | coordinates_display | coordinates_format | coordinates_footnotes | subdivision_type | subdivision_name | subdivision_type1 | subdivision_name1 | subdivision_type2 | subdivision_name2 | subdivision_type3 | subdivision_name3 | subdivision_type4 | subdivision_name4 | subdivision_type5 | subdivision_name5 | subdivision_type6 | subdivision_name6 | established_title | established_date | established_title1 | established_date1 | established_title2 | established_date2 | established_title3 | established_date3 | established_title4 | established_date4 | extinct_title | extinct_date | founder | named_for | seat_type | seat | seat1_type | seat1 | parts_type | parts | p1 | parts_style | p2 | p3 | p4 | p5 | p6 | p7 | p8 | p9 | p10 | p11 | p12 | p13 | p14 | p15 | p16 | p17 | p18 | p19 | p20 | p21 | p22 | p23 | p24 | p25 | p26 | p27 | p28 | p29 | p30 | p31 | p32 | p33 | p34 | p35 | p36 | p37 | p38 | p39 | p40 | p41 | p42 | p43 | p44 | p45 | p46 | p47 | p48 | p49 | p50 | government_type | governing_body | leader_name | leader_name1 | leader_name2 | leader_name3 | leader_name4 | government_footnotes | leader_title | leader_party | leader_title1 | leader_title2 | leader_title3 | leader_title4 | area_total_km2 | area_total_ha | area_total_acre | area_total_sq_mi | area_total_dunam | area_land_km2 | area_land_ha | area_land_acre | area_land_sq_mi | area_water_km2 | area_water_ha | area_water_acre | area_water_sq_mi | area_urban_km2 | area_urban_ha | area_urban_acre | area_urban_sq_mi | area_rural_sq_mi | area_rural_ha | area_rural_acre | area_rural_km2 | area_metro_km2 | area_metro_ha | area_metro_acre | area_blank1_km2 | area_blank1_ha | area_blank1_acre | area_metro_sq_mi | area_blank1_sq_mi | total_type | area_footnotes | dunam_link | unit_pref | area_magnitude | area_land_dunam | area_water_dunam | area_water_percent | area_urban_footnotes | area_urban_dunam | area_rural_footnotes | area_rural_dunam | area_metro_footnotes | area_metro_dunam | area_rank | area_blank1_title | area_blank1_dunam | area_blank2_title | area_blank2_km2 | area_blank2_ha | area_blank2_acre | area_blank2_sq_mi | area_blank2_dunam | area_note | length_km | length_mi | width_km | width_mi | dimensions_footnotes | elevation_footnotes | elevation_point | elevation_m | elevation_ft | elevation_max_footnotes | elevation_max_point | elevation_max_m | elevation_max_ft | elevation_max_rank | elevation_min_rank | elevation_min_footnotes | elevation_min_point | elevation_min_m | elevation_min_ft | population_metro | population_urban | population_rural | population_as_of | population_footnotes | population_blank1 | population_blank2 | population_est | pop_est_as_of | pop_est_footnotes | population_rank | population_density_km2 | population_density_sq_mi | population_density_rank | population_urban_footnotes | population_density_urban_km2 | population_density_urban_sq_mi | population_rural_footnotes | population_density_rural_km2 | population_density_rural_sq_mi | population_metro_footnotes | population_density_metro_km2 | population_density_metro_sq_mi | population_blank1_title | population_blank1_footnotes | population_density_blank1_km2 | population_density_blank1_sq_mi | population_blank2_title | population_blank2_footnotes | population_density_blank2_km2 | population_density_blank2_sq_mi | population_note | population_demonym | demographics_type1 | demographics1_footnotes | demographics1_title1 | demographics1_info1 | demographics1_title2 | demographics1_info2 | demographics1_title3 | demographics1_info3 | demographics1_title4 | demographics1_info4 | demographics1_title5 | demographics1_info5 | demographics1_title6 | demographics1_info6 | demographics1_title7 | demographics1_info7 | demographics_type2 | demographics2_footnotes | demographics2_title1 | demographics2_info1 | demographics2_title2 | demographics2_info2 | demographics2_title3 | demographics2_info3 | demographics2_title4 | demographics2_info4 | demographics2_title5 | demographics2_info5 | demographics2_title6 | demographics2_info6 | demographics2_title7 | demographics2_info7 | timezone2 | timezone | timezone1 | utc_offset | utc_offset1 | utc_offset2 | timezone1_DST | timezone_DST | utc_offset1_DST | utc_offset_DST | timezone2_DST | utc_offset2_DST | postal_code_type | postal_code | postal2_code_type | postal2_code | area_code_type | area_code | geocode | iso_code | registration_plate | blank_name | blank_name_sec1 | blank_info | blank_info_sec1 | blank1_name | blank1_name_sec1 | blank1_info | blank1_info_sec1 | blank2_name | blank2_name_sec1 | blank2_info | blank2_info_sec1 | blank3_name | blank3_name_sec1 | blank3_info | blank3_info_sec1 | blank4_name | blank4_name_sec1 | blank4_info | blank4_info_sec1 | blank5_name | blank5_name_sec1 | blank5_info | blank5_info_sec1 | blank6_name | blank6_name_sec1 | blank6_info | blank6_info_sec1 | blank7_name | blank7_name_sec1 | blank7_info | blank7_info_sec1 | blank_name_sec2 | blank_info_sec2 | blank1_name_sec2 | blank1_info_sec2 | blank2_name_sec2 | blank2_info_sec2 | blank3_name_sec2 | blank3_info_sec2 | blank4_name_sec2 | blank4_info_sec2 | blank5_name_sec2 | blank5_info_sec2 | blank6_name_sec2 | blank6_info_sec2 | blank7_name_sec2 | blank7_info_sec2 | website | footnotes }}Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "{".

Nice ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}, French pronunciation: ​[nis]; Niçard Occitan: Niça{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} [classical norm] or Nissa [nonstandard], Italian: Nizza{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} or Nizza Marittima, Greek: Νίκαια{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, Latin: Nicaea) is the fifth most populous city in France, after Paris, Marseille, Lyon and Toulouse, and it is the capital of the Alpes Maritimes département. The urban area of Nice extends beyond the administrative city limits with a population of about 1 million<ref name=World_Urban_Areas>Demographia: World Urban Areas, March 2010</ref><ref>INSEE – Résultats du recensement de la population de 2008 – Aire urbaine de NiceINSEE, 2008</ref> on an area of {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}.<ref name=World_Urban_Areas/> Located on the south east coast of France on the Mediterranean Sea, Nice is the second-largest French city on the Mediterranean coast and the second-largest city in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region after Marseille. It is located very near the principality of Monaco, and its airport is a gateway to the principality as well.

The city is called Nice la Belle (Nissa La Bella in Niçard), which means Nice the Beautiful, which is also the title of the unofficial anthem of Nice, written by Menica Rondelly in 1912.

The area of today's Nice contains Terra Amata, an archaeological site which displays evidence of a very early use of fire. Around 350 BC, Greeks of Marseille founded a permanent settlement and called it Nikaia, after Nike, the goddess of victory.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> Through the ages, the town has changed hands many times. Its strategic location and port significantly contributed to its maritime strength. For centuries it was a dominion of Savoy, then became part of France between 1792 and 1815, when it was returned to Piedmont-Sardinia until its reannexation by France in 1860.

The natural beauty of the Nice area and its mild Mediterranean climate came to the attention of the English upper classes in the second half of the 18th century, when an increasing number of aristocratic families took to spending their winter there. The city's main seaside promenade, the Promenade des Anglais (‘the Walkway of the English') owes its name to the earliest visitors to the resort.<ref>Alain Ruggiero, op. cit., p. 137</ref> For decades now, the picturesque Nicean surroundings have attracted not only those in search of relaxation, but also those seeking inspiration. The clear air and soft light has been of particular appeal to some of Western culture's most outstanding painters, such as Marc Chagall, Henri Matisse, Niki de Saint Phalle and Arman. Their work is commemorated in many of the city's museums, including Musée Marc Chagall, Musée Matisse and Musée des Beaux-Arts.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Nice has the second largest hotel capacity in the country<ref>Un savoir-faire et un équipement complet en matière d'accueil, site de la CANCA Archived 24 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine</ref> and it is one of its most visited cities, receiving 4 million tourists every year.<ref>Les chiffres clés du tourisme à Nice, site municipal Archived 17 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine</ref> It also has the third busiest airport in France after the two main Parisian ones.<ref name="aeroport">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It is the historical capital city of the County of Nice (Comté de Nice).


Nice sections
Intro  History  Coat of arms  Administration  Climate  Vegetation and geography  Economy and tourism  Transport  Sights  Sports  Population  Observatory  Culture  Cuisine  Education  International relations  Notable people  See also  References  Sources  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: History
<<>>