::Nicaraguan Revolution


Somoza::national    Title::contras    Regime::which    Contra::august    April::conflict    Managua::conflict

{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{#invoke:Message box|ambox}} {{#invoke:Infobox military conflict|main}} The Nicaraguan Revolution (Spanish: Revolución Nicaragüense or Revolución Popular Sandinista{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}) encompassed the rising opposition to the Somoza dictatorship in the 1960s and 1970s, the campaign led by the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) to violently oust the dictatorship in 1978-79, the subsequent efforts of the FSLN to govern Nicaragua from 1979 until 1990<ref>Louis Proyect, Nicaragua, discusses, among other things, the reforms and the degree to which socialism was intended or achieved.</ref> and the Contra War which was waged between the FSLN and the Contras from 1981-1990.

The Revolution marked a significant period in Nicaraguan history and revealed the country as one of the major proxy war battlegrounds of the Cold War with the events in the country rising to international attention.

Although the initial overthrow of the Somoza regime in 1978–79 was a bloody affair, the Contra War of the 1980s took the lives of tens of thousands of Nicaraguans and was the subject of fierce international debate. During the 1980s both the FSLN (a leftist collection of political parties) and the Contras (a rightist collection of counter-revolutionary groups) received large amounts of aid from the Cold War super-powers (respectively, the Soviet Union and the United States).

The Contra War ultimately ended following the signing of the Tela Accord in 1989 and the demobilization of the FSLN and Contra armies.<ref>Uppsala Conflict Data Program Conflict Encyclopedia, Nicaragua, State-based conflict, Peace efforts,</ref> A second election in 1990 resulted in the election of a majority of anti-Sandinista parties and the FSLN handing over power.

Nicaraguan Revolution sections
Intro  Background  Rise of the FSLN  Overthrow of the Somoza regime  Sandinista regime  Contra War  See also  Notes and references  Bibliography  Further reading  External links  

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