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Netherlands
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Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Je maintiendrai"{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} (language?)
"Ik zal handhaven"{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} (Dutch)
"I will uphold"[a]
Anthem: "Wilhelmus"{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} (Dutch)
"'William"
File:United States Navy Band - Het Wilhelmus.ogg
Location of the  European Netherlands{{#invoke:String
Location of the  European Netherlands{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(dark green)

– in Europe{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(green & dark grey)
– in the European Union{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(green)

Location of the  Dutch special municipalities{{#invoke:String
Location of the  Dutch special municipalities{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(green)
Capital
and largest city
Amsterdam[b]
{{#invoke:Coordinates|coord}}{{#coordinates:52|22|N|4|53|E|type:city||

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Official languages National: Dutch
Regional: West Frisian, English, Papiamento[c]
Recognised regional languages Limburgish, Dutch Low Saxon[c]
Ethnic groups (2014<ref>Official CBS website containing all Dutch demographic statistics. Cbs.nl. Retrieved on 30 October 2014.</ref>) {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Demonym Dutch
Sovereign state
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
 -  Monarch Willem-Alexander
 -  Prime Minister Mark Rutte
Legislature States General
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house House of Representatives
Independence from Spain
 -  Proclaimed 26 July 1581 
 -  Recognised 30 January 1648 
 -  Kingdom established 16 March 1815 
 -  Constituent country 15 December 1954 
Area
 -  Total 41,543 km2 (134th)
16,033 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 18.41
Population
 -  2015 estimate 16,929,326<ref name="pop-cbs">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref> (65th)
 -  Density Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "["./km2 (30th)
Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "["./sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $831.411 billion<ref name=imf2>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref> (17th)
 -  Per capita $49,094 (15th)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $750.782 billion<ref name=imf2/> (17th)
 -  Per capita $44,333 (15th)
Gini (2014)26.2<ref name=eurogini>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref>
low · 111th
HDI (2013)Steady 0.915<ref name="HDI">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref>
very high · 4th
Currency {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Time zone CET (UTC+1)[e]
AST (UTC-4)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
AST (UTC-4)
Date format dd-mm-yyyy
Drives on the right
Calling code {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
ISO 3166 code NL
Internet TLD .nl, .bq[g]
a. ^ The official motto is in French. The literal translation into English is "I will maintain"; a better translation, however, is "I will hold firm" or "I will uphold" (namely, the integrity and independence of the territory).{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=OR |date=__DATE__ |$B=

{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[original research?]

}}
b. ^ While Amsterdam is the constitutional capital, The Hague is the seat of the government.
c. ^ West Frisian (Friesland),<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web }}</ref> Papiamento (Bonaire)<ref name=languages>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web

}}</ref> and English (Sint Eustatius and Saba)<ref name=languages/> have a formal status in certain parts of the country. Dutch Low Saxon and Limburgish are recognised as regional languages by the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.
d. ^ The euro is used in the European Netherlands and replaced the Dutch guilder in 2002. The US dollar is used in the Caribbean Netherlands and replaced the Netherlands Antillean guilder in 2011.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref>
e. ^ CET and CEST are used in the European Netherlands, and AST is used in the Caribbean Netherlands.
f. ^ 599 was the country code designated for the now dissolved Netherlands Antilles. The Caribbean Netherlands still use 599-7 (Bonaire), 599-3 (Sint Eustatius) and 599-4 (Saba).
g. ^ .nl is the common internet top level domain name for the Netherlands. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states. .bq is designated, but not in use, for the Caribbean Netherlands.

The Netherlands ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; [ˈneːdərˌlɑnt]) is the main "constituent country" () of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. It is a small, densely populated country located in Western Europe with three island territories in the Caribbean.<ref group="nb">designated Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba within ISO ISO 3166-1.</ref> The European part of the Netherlands borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, sharing maritime borders with Belgium, the United Kingdom and Germany.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The largest and most important cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam, The Hague and Rotterdam. Amsterdam is the country's capital,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> while The Hague holds the Dutch seat of government and parliament.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The port of Rotterdam is the largest port in Europe – as large as the next three largest combined - and was the world's largest port between 1962 and 2004.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=pressrelease |type=Press release }}</ref>

The Netherlands' name literally means "Lower Countries", influenced by its low land and flat geography, with only about 50% of its land exceeding one metre above sea level.<ref name="Eupedia">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Most of the areas below sea level are man-made. Since the late 16th century, large areas (polders) have been reclaimed from the sea and lakes, amounting to nearly 17% of the country's current land mass.

With a population density of 407 people per km² – 500 if water is excluded – the Netherlands is a very densely populated country for its size. Only Bangladesh, South Korea, and Taiwan have both a larger population and a higher population density. Nevertheless, the Netherlands is the world's second-largest exporter of food and agricultural products, after the United States.<ref>Netherlands: Agricultural exports top 80 billion Euros</ref><ref name="hollandtrade.com">Holland is world-leading exporter of agri-food products</ref> This is partly due to the fertility of the soil and the mild climate.

The Netherlands was the third country in the world to have an elected parliament, and since 1848 it has been governed as a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, organised as a unitary state. The Netherlands has a long history of social tolerance and is generally regarded as a liberal country, having legalised abortion, prostitution and euthanasia, while maintaining a progressive drugs policy. In 2001, it became the world's first country to legalise same-sex marriage.

The Netherlands is a founding member of the EU, Eurozone, G-10, NATO, OECD and WTO, and a part of the trilateral Benelux Union. The country is host to the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons and five international courts: the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the International Court of Justice, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, the International Criminal Court and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. The first four are situated in The Hague, as is the EU's criminal intelligence agency Europol and judicial co-operation agency Eurojust. This has led to the city being dubbed "the world's legal capital".<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}, specifically, "In the 1990s, during his term as United Nations Secretary-General, Boutros Boutros-Ghali started calling The Hague the world's legal capital."</ref> The Netherlands is also a part of the Schengen Area.

The Netherlands has a market-based mixed economy, ranking 17th of 177 countries according to the Index of Economic Freedom.<ref>Netherlands at the Wayback Machine (archived 10 May 2013), Index of Economic Freedom. heritage.org</ref> It had the thirteenth-highest per capita income in the world in 2013 according to the International Monetary Fund. In 2013, the United Nations World Happiness Report ranked the Netherlands as the fourth happiest country in the world, reflecting its high quality of life.<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>


Netherlands sections
Intro  Etymology  History  Geography  Politics  Economy  Demographics  Culture  See also  Notes  References  Further reading  External links  

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