The Eighteen Skills::Muyesinbo


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The Eighteen Skills These are the eighteen "skills" (技 skill, ability, method) which are classified into three categories (thrust, slice, and strike) and reflect strong influence from Chinese martial arts.

The first six skills already present in the Muyejebo can also be found in the Muyesinbo:

  • Gonbang 곤봉 (long staff), c.f. Chinese Gun (棍)
  • Deungpae 등패 盾牌 (shield)
  • Nangseon 낭선 狼筅 (thorn spear)
  • Jangchang 장창 長槍 (long spear), c.f Chinese Qiang 槍 / Shuò 槊
  • Dangpa 당파鎲杷 (three-pronged spear)
  • Ssangsudo 쌍수도 雙手刀(two-handed sword)

The remaining twelve skills are original to the Muyesinbo:

  • Jukjangchang 죽장창 竹長槍(long bamboo spear)
  • Gichang 기창 旗槍(spear with flag)
  • Yedo 예도 銳刀 (sharp sword): a single-edged sword that was about three feet in length. It was typically used one-handed and was favored by foot soldiers and sailors.
  • Wae geom 왜검倭刀 (Japanese sword): the Japanese katana.
  • Gyojeon 교전校劍 (sword sparring techniques):
  • Woldo 월도 月刀(moon-blade): a polearm with a curving blade paralleling the Chinese guandao.
  • Hyeopdo 협도 (spear-blade): a polearm paralleling the Japanese naginata or nagamaki.
  • Ssang geom 쌍검 雙劍 (twin-swords): fighting with two identical swords; twin-swords were made to be carried in a single sheath.
  • Jedok geom 제독검 將軍劍 (admiral sword): techniques introduced by Chinese admiral Li Rusong, who fought on the Korean side in the Imjin War. Li used straight-bladed swords (jikdo) with a single edge for slashing and a double-edged sword (geom) for stabbing. The manual gives 14 basic stances for this discipline.
  • Bonguk geom 본국검 邦國劍(national sword): a method of swordsmanship stressing traditional Korean origin (as opposed to the more recent adoption of the techniques of the "admiral sword").
  • Gwonbeop 권법 拳搏(unarmed fighting skills): based on the 1567 Ji Xiao Shin Shu紀效新書 or "Manual of New Military Tactics" by General Qi Jiguang戚継光 (1528-1588). Of the original 32 methods cited by General Qi, about 19 methods are identified in the Muyesinbo, besides another 14 original methods, yielding a total of 33.
  • Pyeongon 편곤 鞭杆(flail): paralleling the Chinese two-section staff

The term Sip Pal Gi in modern Korean martial arts has come to identify three separate but related activities.

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The Eighteen Skills
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