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Republic of Mozambique
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Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: Pátria Amada{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}  (Portuguese)
Beloved Homeland
Location of  Mozambique{{#invoke:String
Location of  Mozambique{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(dark blue)

– in Africa{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(light blue)

Capital
and largest city
Maputo
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Official languages Portuguese
Demonym Mozambican
Government Unitary presidential republic
 -  President Filipe Nyusi
 -  Prime Minister Carlos Agostinho do Rosário<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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Legislature Assembly of the Republic
Independence
 -  from Portugal 25 June 1975 
 -  Current constitution 30 November 1990 
Area
 -  Total 801,590 km2 (35th)
309,496 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 2.2
Population
 -  2014 estimate 24,692,144<ref name="cia">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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 -  2007 census 21,397,000 (52nd)
 -  Density 28.7/km2 (178th)
74.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $26.257 billion<ref name=imf2>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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 -  Per capita $1,169<ref name=imf2/>
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $14.600 billion<ref name=imf2/>
 -  Per capita $650<ref name=imf2/>
Gini (2008)45.7<ref name="wb-gini">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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medium
HDI (2013)Increase 0.393<ref name="HDI">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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low · 178th
Currency Mozambican metical (MZN)
Time zone CAT (UTC+2)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+2)
Drives on the left
Calling code +258
ISO 3166 code MZ
Internet TLD .mz
a. Makhuwa, Tsonga, Lomwe, Sena and others.
Estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.

Mozambique ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} or {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}), officially the Republic of Mozambique (Portuguese: Moçambique{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} or República de Moçambique{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, pronounced: [ʁɛˈpublikɐ di musɐ̃ˈbiki]), is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest. It is separated from Madagascar by the Mozambique Channel to the east. The capital and largest city is Maputo (known as "Lourenço Marques" before independence).

Between the 1st and 5th centuries AD, Bantu-speaking peoples migrated from farther north and west. Swahili, and later also Arab, commercial ports existed along the coasts until the arrival of Europeans. The area was explored by Vasco da Gama in 1498 and colonized by Portugal from 1505. After over four centuries of Portuguese rule, Mozambique gained independence in 1975, becoming the People's Republic of Mozambique shortly thereafter. After only two years of independence, the country descended into an intense and protracted civil war lasting from 1977 to 1992. In 1994, Mozambique held its first multiparty elections and has remained a relatively stable presidential republic.

Mozambique is one of the poorest and most underdeveloped countries in the world.<ref> Mozambique factsheet.</ref> Mozambique is endowed with rich and extensive natural resources. The country's economy is based largely on agriculture, but industry, mainly food and beverages, chemical manufacturing, aluminium and petroleum production, is growing. The country's tourism sector is also growing. South Africa is Mozambique's main trading partner and source of foreign direct investment. Portugal, Brazil, Spain and Belgium are also among the country's most important economic partners. Since 2001, Mozambique's annual average GDP growth has been among the world's highest. However, the country ranks among the lowest in GDP per capita, human development, measures of inequality, and average life expectancy.<ref name=CIA/>

The only official language of Mozambique is Portuguese, which is spoken mostly as a second language by about half of the population. Common native languages include Swahili, Makhuwa and Sena. The country's population of around 24 million is composed overwhelmingly of Bantu people. The largest religion in Mozambique is Christianity, with significant minorities following Islam and African traditional religions. Mozambique is a member of the African Union, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Latin Union, the Non-Aligned Movement and the Southern African Development Community, and an observer at La Francophonie.

Etymology

The country was named Moçambique by the Portuguese after the Island of Mozambique, derived from Musa Al Big or Mossa Al Bique or Mussa Ben Mbiki, an Arab trader who first visited the island and later lived there.<ref>History. ilhademo.net</ref> The island-town was the capital of the Portuguese colony until 1898, when it was moved south to Lourenço Marques (now Maputo).


Mozambique sections
Intro  History  Geography and climate  Politics  Economy  Demographics  Culture  See also  References  Bibliography  External links  

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