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Place Jacques Cartier
View of the Basilica from Place d'Armes
Italianate, 2nd Empire Homes on Saint Louis Square in Le Plateau-Mont-Royal.

For over a century and a half, Montreal was the industrial and financial centre of Canada.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The variety of buildings included factories, elevators, warehouses, mills, and refineries which today provide a legacy of historic and architectural interest, especially in the downtown area and the Old Port area. There are 50 National Historic Sites of Canada, more than any other city.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Olympic Stadium, seen next to the Montreal Botanical Garden.

There are many historic buildings in Old Montreal in their original form: Notre-Dame de Montréal Basilica, Bonsecours Market, and the impressive 19th‑century headquarters of all major Canadian banks on St. James Street (French: Rue Saint Jacques). Saint Joseph's Oratory, completed in 1967, Ernest Cormier's Art Deco Université de Montréal main building, the landmark Place Ville Marie office tower, the controversial Olympic Stadium and surrounding structures, are but a few notable examples of 20th-century architecture.

Pavilions designed for the 1967 International and Universal Exposition, popularly known as Expo 67, featured a wide range of architectural designs. Though most pavilions were temporary structures, several have become landmarks, including the geodesic dome U.S. Pavilion, now the Montreal Biosphere, and Moshe Safdie's striking Habitat 67 apartment complex.

The Montreal Metro has public artwork by some of the biggest names in Quebec culture.

In 2006 Montreal was named a UNESCO City of Design, only one of three design capitals of the world (the others being Berlin and Buenos Aires).<ref name="UNESCO" /> This distinguished title recognizes Montreal's design community. Since 2005 the city has been home for the International Council of Graphic Design Associations (Icograda);<ref name="ICOGRADA">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> the International Design Alliance (IDA).<ref name="BNET">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

The Underground City (officially RÉSO or La Ville Souterraine in French) is the set of interconnected complexes (both above and below ground) in and around Downtown.


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Architecture
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