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Modern Standard Arabic (MSA; Arabic: اللغة العربية الفصحى‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} al-lughah al-ʻArabīyah al-fuṣḥá 'the most eloquent Arabic language'), Standard Arabic, or Literary Arabic is the standardized and literary variety of Arabic used in writing and in most formal speech. It is considered a pluricentric language.

Most western scholars distinguish two standard (al-)fuṣḥá (الفصحى{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}) varieties of Arabic: the Classical Arabic (CA) (اللغة العربية التراثية{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} al-lughah al-ʻArabīyah al-turāthīyah) of the Quran and early Islamic (7th to 9th centuries) literature, and Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) (اللغة العربية المعيارية الحديثة{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} al-lughah al-ʻArabīyah al-miʻyārīyah al-ḥadīthah), the standard language in use today. The modern standard language is based on the Classical language. Most Arabic speakers consider the two varieties to be two registers of one language, although the two registers can be referred to in Arabic as فصحى العصر{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} fuṣḥá al-ʻaṣr (MSA) and فصحى التراث{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} fuṣḥá al-turāth (CA).<ref name="El-Said M. Badawi 1996. Page 105">Alaa Elgibali and El-Said M. Badawi. Understanding Arabic: Essays in Contemporary Arabic Linguistics in Honor of El-Said M. Badawi, 1996. Page 105.</ref>


Modern Standard Arabic sections
Intro   Classical Arabic    Modern Standard Arabic    Grammar    Common phrases    See also    Notes    References    External links   

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