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Data General Nova, serial number 1, the first 16-bit minicomputer, on display at the Computer History Museum
A PDP-11, model 40, an early member of DECs 16-bit minicomputer family, on display at the Vienna Technical Museum

A minicomputer, or colloquially mini, is a class of smaller computers that developed in the mid-1960s<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> and sold for much less than mainframe<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> and mid-size computers from IBM and its direct competitors. In a 1970 survey, the New York Times suggested a consensus definition of a minicomputer as a machine costing less than 25,000 USD, with an input-output device such as a teleprinter and at least four thousand words of memory, that is capable of running programs in a higher level language, such as Fortran or BASIC.<ref name="Smith 1970">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> The class formed a distinct group with its own software architectures and operating systems. Minis were designed for control, instrumentation, human interaction, and communication switching as distinct from calculation and record keeping. Many were sold indirectly to Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) for final end use application. During the two decade lifetime of the minicomputer class (1965-1985), almost 100 companies formed and only a half dozen remained.<ref name="Bell 2013">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref>

When single-chip CPUs appeared, beginning with the Intel 4004 in 1971, the term "minicomputer" came to mean a machine that lies in the middle range of the computing spectrum, in between the smallest mainframe computers and the microcomputers. The term "minicomputer" is little used today; the contemporary term for this class of system is "midrange computer", such as the higher-end SPARC, Power Architecture and Itanium-based systems from Oracle, IBM and Hewlett-Packard.


Minicomputer sections
Intro  History  List of some notable Minicomputers  See also  References  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: History
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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Refimprove |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Message box|ambox}} }}

Data General Nova, serial number 1, the first 16-bit minicomputer, on display at the Computer History Museum
A PDP-11, model 40, an early member of DECs 16-bit minicomputer family, on display at the Vienna Technical Museum

A minicomputer, or colloquially mini, is a class of smaller computers that developed in the mid-1960s<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> and sold for much less than mainframe<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> and mid-size computers from IBM and its direct competitors. In a 1970 survey, the New York Times suggested a consensus definition of a minicomputer as a machine costing less than 25,000 USD, with an input-output device such as a teleprinter and at least four thousand words of memory, that is capable of running programs in a higher level language, such as Fortran or BASIC.<ref name="Smith 1970">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> The class formed a distinct group with its own software architectures and operating systems. Minis were designed for control, instrumentation, human interaction, and communication switching as distinct from calculation and record keeping. Many were sold indirectly to Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) for final end use application. During the two decade lifetime of the minicomputer class (1965-1985), almost 100 companies formed and only a half dozen remained.<ref name="Bell 2013">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref>

When single-chip CPUs appeared, beginning with the Intel 4004 in 1971, the term "minicomputer" came to mean a machine that lies in the middle range of the computing spectrum, in between the smallest mainframe computers and the microcomputers. The term "minicomputer" is little used today; the contemporary term for this class of system is "midrange computer", such as the higher-end SPARC, Power Architecture and Itanium-based systems from Oracle, IBM and Hewlett-Packard.


Minicomputer sections
Intro  History  List of some notable Minicomputers  See also  References  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: History
<<>>