Types of rank::Military rank


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Types of rank There are a number of different forms of rank; from highest to lowest degree, they are:

  • Substantive or permanent: the fully paid and confirmed rank.
  • Retired: usually granted to those officers of the rank of lieutenant in the Navy, or captain in the Army, or above, who have reached the end of their service obligation and have not been dishonorably discharged. A retired rank is usually kept for life, if the officer so concerned wishes. In the Commonwealth of Nations, such an officer will also hold the style of Esquire, if they do not hold a higher title. Veterans rank is different in each country. Members of the United States military maintain their highest rank after discharge. 10 U.S. Code ยง 772(e) states: A person not on active duty who served honorably in time of war in the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps may bear the title and wear the uniform of the highest grade held by him during that war. After a war, regular serving members of the military holding war substantive or temporary rank often revert to their former, substantive rank and all others often end their service. However, the holder may be granted permission to permanently retain the rank they held when the conflict ended.
  • Temporary: usually granted for a specific task or mission. The holder holds the rank while occupying that position. Despite the name, temporary rank may be held for a considerable period of time, perhaps even years. In wartime, temporary ranks are often common. In the United Kingdom, the rank of brigadier was long considered a temporary rank; while its holder was addressed as "brigadier," he would retain the substantive rank of colonel or lieutenant-colonel if not selected for promotion to general officer rank. Sub-classes of temporary rank include:
    • Brevet: an honorary promoted rank, without the full official authority or pay appropriate to the rank.
    • War substantive or theater: a temporarily confirmed rank only held for the duration of that war.
  • Acting is where the holder assumes the pay and allowances appropriate to the acting rank, but a higher commanding officer may revert the holder to previous rank held. This is normally for a short period of time while the permanent occupant of the office is absent.
  • Local: a form of temporary rank restricted to a specific location instead of a specific duty.
  • Honorary: Often granted on retirement, or in certain special cases to honour a deserving civilian. Generally, honorary rank is treated as if it were substantive, but usually does not grant a corresponding wage or pension (increase).

Military rank sections
Intro  Etymology   Ancient and medieval ranks    Modern ranks    Appointment    Types of rank    Size of command    See also    Notes    References    External links   

Types of rank
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