::Mike Banks (musician)


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Michael Anthony Banks, better known as "Mad" Mike Banks, is an American techno producer. He is the co-founder, along with Jeff Mills, of US record label Underground Resistance and was a key player in the "second generation" of Detroit techno.

Banks lives in Detroit, Michigan and is a former studio musician (bass/guitar), having played with Parliament/Funkadelic among others.<ref name=stylus>Night Drive: A Bluffer's Guide to Detroit Techno. Stylus Magazine, March 7, 2006.</ref> He worked in the second half of the 1980s with the collective Members of the House, releasing several 12" singles. Banks and Mills founded the label Underground Resistance in the late 1980s, and the pair, along with Robert Hood, produced most of the label's early releases.<ref name=amg>Sean Cooper, Mad Mike Banks at Allmusic</ref> After Hood and Mills's departure from Underground Resistance, Banks headed the label himself, releasing material from acts such as Drexciya and Sean Deason in addition to his own productions.<ref name=amg/>

He is also co-founder and co-owner with Christa Robinson of Submerge Distribution since 1992. Submerge, along with Underground Resistance, is an independent record label which distributes Detroit-based techno worldwide.<ref name=mdt>Chris Handyside, Progressive Heroes: Mike Banks. Metro Times, November 10, 1999.</ref>

Among Banks's early influences are Derrick May, Juan Atkins and Marshall Jefferson; his later work shows his increasing interest in acid house and industrial.<ref name=amg/> Banks has hewn strictly to an ethic of the underground and refuses to be photographed in public as part of this ethic.<ref name=mdt/> His releases often deal with elements of political and social commentary, which have made him a controversial figure from within the Detroit electronic music scene.<ref name=stylus/> Banks quit playing live shows in the late 1990s due to continuing problems with customs agencies, but began doing live shows again in the mid-2000s.<ref>Mike Banks interview. The Wire #285, November 2007. (Banks discusses live music on page 4 of 5.)</ref>

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