::Metrical phonology


Stress::metrical    Nodes::first    Author::syllable    Metrical::version    Focus::title    Phrase::paper

Metrical phonology is a theory of stress or linguistic prominence.<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> <ref name=Liberman-Prince>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> The innovative feature of this theory is that the prominence of a unit is defined relative to other units in the same phrase. For example, in the most common pronunciation of the phrase "doctors use penicillin" (if said out-of-the-blue), the syllable '-ci-' is the strongest or most stressed syllable in the phrase, but the syllable 'doc-' is more stressed than the syllable '-tors'. Previously, generative phonologists and the American Structuralists represented prosodic prominence as a feature that applied to individual phonemes (segments) or syllables.<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> This feature could take on multiple values to indicate various levels of stress. Stress was assigned using the cyclic reapplication of rules to words and phrases.

Metrical phonology holds that stress is separate from pitch accent and has phonetic effects on the realization of syllables beyond their intonation, including effects on their duration and amplitude.<ref name=Liberman-Prince/> The perceived stress of a syllable results from its position in the metrical tree and metrical grid for the phrase it appears in.

Metrical phonology sections
Intro  Metrical trees  Metrical grids  Metrical parameters  Metrical phonology and music  Advantages of metrical phonology  References  

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