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Islamic Republic of Mauritania
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Flag Seal
Motto: شرف إخاء عدل{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} ()
"Honor, Fraternity, Justice"
Anthem: نشيد وطني موريتاني{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}
"National Anthem of Mauritania"
File:National Anthem of Mauritania by US Navy Band.ogg
Location of  Mauritania{{#invoke:String
Location of  Mauritania{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(dark blue)

– in Africa{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(light blue)

Capital
and largest city
Nouakchott
{{#invoke:Coordinates|coord}}{{#coordinates:18|09|N|15|58|W|type:city||

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Official languages Arabica
Recognised national languages {{safesubst:#invoke:list|horizontal}}
Other languages French<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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Zenaga Berber
Religion Islam
Demonym Mauritanian
Government Semi-presidential republicb
 -  President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
 -  Prime Minister Yahya Ould Hademine
Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house National Assembly
Independence
 -  from France 28 November 1960 
 -  Current Constitution of Mauritania 12 July 1991 
Area
 -  Total 1,030,700 km2 (29th)
397,954 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 0.03
Population
 -  2012 estimate 3,359,185<ref name="CIA"/>
 -  2013 census 3,537,368<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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 -  Density 3.2/km2 (221st)
8.2/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2013 estimate
 -  Total $8.286 billion<ref name=imf2>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref> (154th)
 -  Per capita $2,230<ref name=imf2/> (160th)
GDP (nominal) 2013 estimate
 -  Total $4.547 billion<ref name=imf2/> (154th)
 -  Per capita $1,224<ref name=imf2/> (149th)
Gini (2008)40.5<ref name="wb-gini">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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medium
HDI (2013)Decrease 0.487<ref name="HDI">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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low · 161st
Currency Ouguiya (MRO)
Time zone (UTC+0)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+0)
Drives on the right
Calling code +222
ISO 3166 code MR
Internet TLD .mr
a. According to Article 6 of the Constitution: "The national languages are Arabic, Pulaar, Soninke, and Wolof; the official language is Arabic."
b. Not recognized internationally (see main article).

Mauritania {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} (Arabic: موريتانيا‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} Mūrītānyā; Berber: Muritanya{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} or Agawej{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; ; Soninke: Murutaane; Pulaar: Moritani), officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in the Maghreb region of western North Africa.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> It is the eleventh largest country in Africa and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, by Moroccan-controlled Western Sahara in the north, by Algeria in the northeast, by Mali in the east and southeast, and by Senegal in the southwest.

The country derives its name from the ancient Berber Kingdom of Mauretania, which existed from the 3rd century BC to the 7th century AD, in the far north of modern-day Morocco. Approximately 90% of Mauritania's land is within the Sahara and consequently the population is concentrated in the south, where precipitation is slightly higher. The capital and largest city is Nouakchott, located on the Atlantic coast, which is home to around one-third of the country's 3.5 million people. The government was overthrown on 6 August 2008, in a military coup d'état led by General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz. On 16 April 2009, Aziz resigned from the military to run for president in the 19 July elections, which he won.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

About 20% of Mauritanians live on less than US$1.25 per day.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Slavery in Mauritania has been called a major human rights issue, with roughly 4% (155,600 people) of the country's population – proportionally the highest for any country – being enslaved against their will, especially enemies of the government. Additional human rights concerns in Mauritania include female genital mutilation<ref name="news.yahoo.com"/> and child labour.


Mauritania sections
Intro  History  Politics and recent history   Society    Administrative divisions    Geography    Economy    Human rights    Culture    See also    Notes    References    Further reading    External links   

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