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Statue of Heracles, holding a club and caressing a lion
In Greek mythology, Heracles is synonymous with Apollonian masculinity.

Masculinity (also called boyhood, manliness or manhood) is a set of attributes, behaviors and roles generally associated with boys and men. It is a combination of socially-defined and biological factors,<ref name="Wijngaard">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name="Martin and Finn">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name="Dunphy">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> distinct from the definition of the male anatomical sex.<ref name=Ferrante>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>Gender, Women and Health: What do we mean by "sex" and "gender"?', The World Health Organization</ref> Both men and women can exhibit masculine traits and behavior. Those exhibiting both masculine and feminine characteristics are considered androgynous, and feminist philosophers have argued that gender ambiguity may blur gender classification.<ref>Butler, Judith (1999 [1990]), Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity (New York and London: Routledge).</ref><ref>Laurie, Timothy (2014), 'The Ethics of Nobody I Know: Gender and the Politics of Description', Qualitative Research Journal, 14 (1), pp. 64-78.URL: https://www.academia.edu/6262250/The_Ethics_of_Nobody_I_Know_Gender_and_the_Politics_of_Description</ref>

Masculine traits include courage, independence and assertiveness.<ref name="Vetterling-Braggin">Vetterling-Braggin, Mary "Femininity," "masculinity," and "androgyny": a modern philosophical discussion</ref><ref name="Worell">Worell, Judith, Encyclopedia of women and gender: sex similarities and differences and the impact of society on gender, Volume 1 Elsevier, 2001, ISBN 0-12-227246-3, ISBN 978-0-12-227246-2</ref><ref name="R. Murray Thomas">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> These traits vary by location and context, and are influenced by social and cultural factors.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> In some non-English-speaking cultures, concepts and inanimate objects are considered masculine or feminine (the counterpart of masculine).<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> An overemphasis on masculinity and power, often associated with a disregard for consequences and responsibility, is known as machismo.<ref name = "Britannica">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>


Masculinity sections
Intro  Overview  Development  Nature versus nurture  Hegemonic masculinity  Precarious manhood  LGBT communities  Western trends  History  Criticism  See also   Notable works on masculinity   Notes  References  Further reading  External links  

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