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Early life::Mark Antony

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Early life A member of the plebeian Antonia gens, Antony was born in Rome on January 14, 83 BC.<ref>Plutarch, Life of Antony 86.5.</ref><ref>Suerbaum 1980, 327–334.</ref> His father and namesake was Marcus Antonius Creticus, son of the noted orator by the same name who had been murdered during the Marian Terror of the winter of 87–86 BC.<ref name="Huzar-14">Huzar 1978, p. 14</ref> His mother was Julia Antonia, a distant cousin of Julius Caesar. Antony was an infant at the time of Lucius Cornelius Sulla's march on Rome in 82 BC.<ref>Goldsworthy, 2010, pg 39</ref> Unknown extension tag "ref"

Antony's brother Lucius, on a coin issued at Ephesus during his consulship in 41 BC

According to the Roman orator Marcus Tullius Cicero, Antony's father was incompetent and corrupt, and was only given power because he was incapable of using or abusing it effectively.<ref name="Huzar-15">Huzar 1978, p. 15</ref> In 74 BC he was given military command to defeat the pirates of the Mediterranean, but he died in Crete in 71 BC without making any significant progress.<ref name=Huzar-14 /><ref name=Huzar-15 /><ref name="Scullard-154">Scullard 1980, p. 154</ref> The elder Antony's death left Antony and his brothers, Lucius and Gaius, in the care of their mother, Julia, who later married Publius Cornelius Lentulus Sura, an eminent member of the old Patrician nobility.<ref name="Huzar-17">Huzar 1978, p. 17</ref> Lentulus, despite exploiting his political success for financial gain, was constantly in debt due to the extravagance of his lifestyle. He was a major figure in the Second Catilinarian Conspiracy and was summarily executed on the orders of the Consul Cicero in 63 BC for his involvement.<ref name="Huzar-17">Huzar 1978, p. 17</ref> His death resulted in a feud between the Antonia and the famous orator.

Antony's early life was characterized by a lack of proper parental guidance. According to the historian Plutarch, he spent his teenage years wandering through Rome with his brothers and friends gambling, drinking, and becoming involved in scandalous love affairs.<ref name=Scullard-154/> According to Cicero, he had a homosexual relationship with Gaius Scribonius Curio.<ref>Eyben 1993, p. 236</ref> There is little reliable information on his political activity as a young man, although it is known that he was an associate of Publius Clodius Pulcher and his street gang.<ref>Eyben 1993, p. 58</ref> He may also have been involved in the Lupercal cult as he was referred to as a priest of this order later in life.<ref>Huzar 1978, p. 25</ref> By age twenty, Antony had amassed an enormous debt. Hoping to escape his creditors, Antony fled to Greece in 58 BC, where he studied philosophy and rhetoric at Athens.


Mark Antony sections
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Early life
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