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Malaysian Federation
{{safesubst:#invoke:Separated entries|br}}
A blue rectangle with a gold star and crescent in the canton, with 14 horizontal red and white lines on the rest of the flag Shield showing symbols of the Malaysian states with a star and crescent above it and a motto below it supported by two tigers
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Bersekutu Bertambah Mutu"<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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"Unity Is Strength"
Anthem: Negaraku
My Country
Location of  Malaysia{{#invoke:String
Location of  Malaysia{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(green)

in ASEAN{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(dark grey)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Kuala Lumpur
Putrajaya (administrative)
{{#invoke:Coordinates|coord}}{{#coordinates:3|08|N|101|42|E|type:city||

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Official languages Bahasa Malaysia<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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Official script Malay (Latin) alphabet
Recognised languages English
Ethnic groups (0.4em) {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Religion Sunni Islam (official)
Demonym Malaysian<ref name="state.gov"/>
Government Federal parliamentary
constitutional monarchy
, Elective monarchy
 -  Yang di-Pertuan Agong Abdul Halim
 -  Prime Minister Najib Razak (BN)
 -  Deputy Prime Minister Ahmad Zahid Hamidi (BN)
Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper house Dewan Negara
 -  Lower house Dewan Rakyat
Independence from the United Kingdom
 -  Independence of the Federation of Malaya 31 August 1957<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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 -  Self-government of Singapore 3 June 1959<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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 -  Self-government of Sarawak 22 July 1963<ref name="tna">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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 -  Self-government of North Borneo 31 August 1963<ref name="tna"/> 
 -  Federation of
Malaya, North Borneo,
Sarawak
, Singapore
16 September 1963 
 -  Separation of Singapore 9 August 1965 
Area
 -  Total 329,847 km2 (67th)
127,355 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 0.3
Population
 -  2020 estimate 32,950,000<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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 -  2010 census 28,334,135<ref name="Population"/>
 -  Density 92/km2 (116th)
237/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
 -  Total {{{1}}} (28th)
 -  Per capita $25,833<ref name="imf3"/> (42nd)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
 -  Total {{{1}}} (35th)
 -  Per capita $12,127<ref name="imf3"/> (65th)
Gini (2009)negative increase 46.2<ref name="wb-gini">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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high · 36th
HDI (2013)Steady 0.773<ref name="HDI">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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high · 62nd
Currency Ringgit (RM) (MYR)
Time zone MST (UTC+8)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+8)
Date format dd-mm-yyyy
Drives on the left
Calling code +60
ISO 3166 code MY
Internet TLD .my

Malaysia ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} mə-LAY-zhə or {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} mə-LAY-see-ə) (Malaysian pronunciation: [məlejsiə]) also known as the Malaysian Federation<ref name="Lim2008">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}</ref><ref name="Ganesan1999">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}</ref><ref name="Bhattacharyya2010">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}</ref><ref name="Tan2008">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}</ref> or Federation of Malaysia,<ref name="BurgessPinder2007">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}</ref><ref name="Rutter1989">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}</ref><ref name="Kratoska2001">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}</ref> is a federal constitutional monarchy located in Southeast Asia. It consists of thirteen states and three federal territories and has a total landmass of {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} separated by the South China Sea into two similarly sized regions, Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia (Malaysian Borneo). Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand and maritime borders with Singapore, Vietnam, and Indonesia. East Malaysia shares land and maritime borders with Brunei and Indonesia and a maritime border with the Philippines. The capital city is Kuala Lumpur, while Putrajaya is the seat of the federal government. By 2015, with a population of over 30 million, Malaysia became the 43rd most populous country in the world. The southernmost point of continental Eurasia, Tanjung Piai, is in Malaysia, located in the tropics. It is one of 17 megadiverse countries on earth, with large numbers of endemic species.

Malaysia has its origins in the Malay kingdoms present in the area which, from the 18th century, became subject to the British Empire. The first British territories were known as the Straits Settlements, whose establishment was followed by the Malay kingdoms becoming British protectorates. The territories on Peninsular Malaysia were first unified as the Malayan Union in 1946. Malaya was restructured as the Federation of Malaya in 1948, and achieved independence on 31 August 1957. Malaya united with North Borneo, Sarawak, and Singapore on 16 September 1963. Less than two years later in 1965, Singapore was expelled from the federation.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

The country is multi-ethnic and multi-cultural, which plays a large role in politics. The constitution declares Islam the state religion while allowing freedom of religion for non-Muslims. The government system is closely modelled on the Westminster parliamentary system and the legal system is based on common law. The head of state is the king, known as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong. He is an elected monarch chosen from the hereditary rulers of the nine Malay states every five years. The head of government is the prime minister.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

Since its independence, Malaysia has had one of the best economic records in Asia, with its GDP growing at an average of 6.5% per annum for almost 50 years. The economy has traditionally been fuelled by its natural resources, but is expanding in the sectors of science, tourism, commerce and medical tourism. Today, Malaysia has a newly industrialised market economy, ranked third largest in Southeast Asia and 29th largest in the world. It is a founding member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the East Asia Summit and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, and a member of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the Commonwealth of Nations, and the Non-Aligned Movement.


Malaysia sections
Intro  Etymology  History  Government and politics  Foreign relations and military  Subdivisions  Geography  Biodiversity  Economy  Demographics  Culture  See also  References  External links  

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