Actions

::Lawsuit

::concepts



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in the United States
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| heading2 = Jurisdiction | content2 =

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A lawsuit (or suit in lawUnknown extension tag "ref") is "a vernacular term for a suit, action, or cause instituted or depending between two private persons in the courts of law." <ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The term refers to any proceeding by a party or parties against another in a court of law. <ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

Sometimes, the term "lawsuit" is in reference to a civil action brought in a court of law in which a plaintiff, a party who claims to have incurred loss as a result of a defendant's actions, demands a legal or equitable remedy. The defendant is required to respond to the plaintiff's complaint. If the plaintiff is successful, judgment is in the plaintiff's favor, and a variety of court orders may be issued to enforce a right, award damages, or impose a temporary or permanent injunction to prevent an act or compel an act. A declaratory judgment may be issued to prevent future legal disputes.

A lawsuit may involve dispute resolution of private law issues between individuals, business entities or non-profit organizations. A lawsuit may also enable the state to be treated as if it were a private party in a civil case, as plaintiff, or defendant regarding an injury, or may provide the state with a civil cause of action to enforce certain laws.

The conduct of a lawsuit is called litigation. The plaintiffs and defendants are called litigants and the attorneys representing them are called litigators.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> The term litigation may also refer to criminal trial.


Lawsuit sections
Intro  Rules of procedure and complications  Procedure  Etymology  Financing  See also  Notes  References  

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Court::trial    Lawsuit::legal    Parties::judgment    Party::which    Claims::appeal    Action::courts

{{#invoke:redirect hatnote|redirect}} {{#invoke:redirect hatnote|redirect}} {{#invoke:redirect hatnote|redirect}} {{#invoke:Message box|ambox}} {{#invoke:Sidebar|sidebar | class = plainlist | titleclass = navbox-title | title = Civil procedure
in the United States
| headingstyle = background:#d5d5ff; | contentstyle = padding:0.2em 0.7em 0.7em;

| content1style = font-weight:bold; | content1 =

| heading2 = Jurisdiction | content2 =

  • {{safesubst:#invoke:list|horizontal}}
  • {{safesubst:#invoke:list|horizontal}}

| heading3 = Venue | content3 =

| heading4 = Pleadings | content4 =

  • {{safesubst:#invoke:list|horizontal}}

| heading5 = Pre-trial procedure

| content5 =

| heading6style = | heading6 = Resolution without trial

| content6 =

| heading7 = Trial | content7style = padding:0.3em 1.75em 0.5em;

| content7 =
  • {{safesubst:#invoke:list|horizontal}}
  • {{safesubst:#invoke:list|horizontal}}

| heading8 = Appeal

| content8 =

| navbarstyle = border-top:1px solid #aaa;

}}

A lawsuit (or suit in lawUnknown extension tag "ref") is "a vernacular term for a suit, action, or cause instituted or depending between two private persons in the courts of law." <ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The term refers to any proceeding by a party or parties against another in a court of law. <ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

Sometimes, the term "lawsuit" is in reference to a civil action brought in a court of law in which a plaintiff, a party who claims to have incurred loss as a result of a defendant's actions, demands a legal or equitable remedy. The defendant is required to respond to the plaintiff's complaint. If the plaintiff is successful, judgment is in the plaintiff's favor, and a variety of court orders may be issued to enforce a right, award damages, or impose a temporary or permanent injunction to prevent an act or compel an act. A declaratory judgment may be issued to prevent future legal disputes.

A lawsuit may involve dispute resolution of private law issues between individuals, business entities or non-profit organizations. A lawsuit may also enable the state to be treated as if it were a private party in a civil case, as plaintiff, or defendant regarding an injury, or may provide the state with a civil cause of action to enforce certain laws.

The conduct of a lawsuit is called litigation. The plaintiffs and defendants are called litigants and the attorneys representing them are called litigators.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> The term litigation may also refer to criminal trial.


Lawsuit sections
Intro  Rules of procedure and complications  Procedure  Etymology  Financing  See also  Notes  References  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Rules of procedure and complications
<<>>