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Terminology and background::List of Captains, Lieutenants and Lords Deputies of English Calais

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Title::first    Calais::captain    Baron::william    Richard::deputy    Castle::deputy    Henry::governor

Terminology and background Commands were over the castle of Calais, the town, the march and its outlying castles; command was often divided, and deputies frequently appointed for commanders who might be absent. The terminology was flexible, changed over time, and may not be accurately given in some sources. The military, political and even financial situation, and the presence or absence of officers, did affect how the system operated. The terms used changed over nearly two centuries. The system of royal officials set up after Edward III took Calais consisted of captain, marshal, seneschal and constable.<ref>http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=33015</ref> But changes were soon seen.

Calais refers properly here to the Pale of Calais, or March of Calais, part of the Kingdom of England, namely the English bridgehead area between the County of Artois and County of Flanders; it varied in area according to the military position.<ref>http://www.hrionline.ac.uk/onlinefroissart/apparatus.jsp?type=intros&intro=f.intros.AC-PoliticalClimate</ref> The boundary took in wetlands and was not always clear, but the area amounted to about 20 square miles.<ref name="Sandeman">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

Map showing the March of Calais in 1477.

The approaches to Calais, which is a port on the coast, were defended by two inland castles, that of Guînes, somewhat to the south-east, and Hammes (Hampnes, Hammez) in the present commune of Hames-Boucres, somewhat to the southwest. Calais had also castellans (of Calais Castle);<ref name = ODNBcommand/><ref>https://archive.org/stream/calaischronicle00camduoft#page/n51/mode/2up</ref> "Captain of Calais Castle" is a different post from "Captain of Calais", the title of the top commander and military governor of the Pale for most of the period.


List of Captains, Lieutenants and Lords Deputies of English Calais sections
Intro  Terminology and background  Deputies  Captains and Lieutenants of Calais  Lords Deputies of Calais  See also  References  Notes  

Terminology and background
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