::Left communism


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{{#invoke:redirect hatnote|redirect}} {{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} Left communism is the range of communist viewpoints held by the communist left, which criticizes the political ideas and practices of the Bolsheviks and Social Democrats particularly following the series of revolutions which brought the First World War to an end. They asserted positions which they claimed to be more authentically Marxist and proletarian than the views of Leninism held by the Communist International after its first and during its second congress.<ref>Non-Leninist Marxism: Writings on the Workers Councils (includes texts by Gorter, Pannekoek, Pankhurst and Rühle), Red and Black Publishers, St Petersburg, Florida, 2007. ISBN 978-0-9791813-6-8</ref>

Left communists see themselves to the left of Leninists (whom they tend to see as 'left of capital', not socialists), anarchist communists (some of whom they consider internationalist socialists) as well as some other revolutionary socialist tendencies (for example De Leonists, whom they tend to see as being internationalist socialists only in limited instances).{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[citation needed] }}

Although she was murdered before left communism emerged, Rosa Luxemburg has heavily influenced most left communists, both politically and theoretically. Proponents of left communism have included Amadeo Bordiga, Herman Gorter, Anton Pannekoek, Otto Rühle, Sylvia Pankhurst and Paul Mattick.

Left communist groups existing today include the International Communist Party, the International Communist Current and the Internationalist Communist Tendency.

Left communism sections
Intro   Early history and overview  Russian left communism   Italian left communism until 1926    German-Dutch left communism until 1933    Left communism and the Communist International    Italian left communism 1926\u20131939    1939\u20131945    1945\u20131952    1952\u20131968    Since 1968   See also  References  Further reading  

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