Kuwait::title    First::books    Google::kuwaiti    Kuwait's::plainurl    Freedom::press    Location::country

{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:Protection banner|main}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }}

State of Kuwait
{{safesubst:#invoke:Separated entries|br}}
Flag of Kuwait Emblem of Kuwait
Flag Emblem
Anthem: "Al-Nasheed Al-Watani"
"National Anthem"
2}}(light yellow)
Location of  Kuwait{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(red)

in the Arabian Peninsula{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(light yellow)

and largest city
Kuwait City

| |name=

Official languages Arabic
Ethnic groups {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Religion Islam
Demonym Kuwaiti
Government {{{1}}}
 -  Emir Sabah Ahmad al-Sabah
 -  Crown Prince Nawaf Ahmad al-Sabah
 -  Speaker of the National Assembly Marzouq Ali al-Ghanim
 -  Prime Minister Jaber Mubarak al-Sabah
Legislature National Assembly
 -  Independence from the Emirate of Al Hasa 1752 
 -  Anglo-Ottoman Convention 1913 
 -  End of treaties with the United Kingdom 19 June 1961 
 -  Total 17,820 km2 (157th)
6,880 sq mi
 -  Water (%) negligible
 -  2014 estimate 4,044,500 (140th)
 -  2005 census 2,213,403 <ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


 -  Density 200.2/km2 (61st)
518.4/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $283.976 billion<ref name=imf2>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


}}</ref> (52nd)
 -  Per capita $71,020<ref name=imf2/> (5th)
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $172.350 billion<ref name=imf2/> (55th)
 -  Per capita $43,103<ref name=imf2/> (23rd)
HDI (2013)File:Decrease2.svg 0.814<ref name="HDI">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


very high · 46th
Currency Kuwaiti dinar (KWD)
Time zone AST / KSA (UTC+3)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+3)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Drives on the right
Calling code +965
ISO 3166 code KW
Internet TLD .kw
a. Nominal succession within the House of Sabah.
b. Emirate

{{#invoke:Side box|main}} Kuwait {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} (Arabic: دولة الكويت‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} About this sound Dawlat al-Kuwait), officially the State of Kuwait, is a country in Western Asia. Situated in the northern edge of Eastern Arabia at the tip of the Persian Gulf, it shares borders with Iraq and Saudi Arabia. As of 2014, Kuwait has a population of 4.1 million people; 1.2 million are Kuwaitis and 2.8 million are expatriates.<ref name=census>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Kuwait was a prosperous trade port.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref> Starting in the early 20th century, its regional economic importance declined, and by 1934 Kuwait had lost its prominence in long-distance trade.<ref name=al>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> Kuwait's economy was devastated by several trade blockades,<ref name=block /> starting with the British Empire's blockade during World War I.<ref name="David Lea 2001 142">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name=ot>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> Following the Kuwait-Najd War of 1919–20, Saudi Arabia imposed a trade blockade against the country from 1923 until 1937.<ref name="block">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name="do"/>

Oil reserves were discovered in 1938. From 1946 to 1982, the country underwent large-scale modernization. In the 1980s, Kuwait experienced a period of geopolitical instability and an economic crisis following the stock market crash. In 1990, Kuwait was invaded by Iraq. The Iraqi occupation came to an end in 1991 after military intervention by United States-led forces. At the end of the war, there were extensive efforts to revive the economy and rebuild national infrastructure.

Kuwait is a constitutional emirate with a high income economy backed by the world's sixth largest oil reserves. The Kuwaiti dinar is the highest valued currency in the world.<ref name=curr/> The country ranks highly in regional comparisons of protection of civil liberties,<ref name=ras>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name=rsf/><ref name="nyt">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> press freedom and constitutionalism.<ref name=lead/><ref name=wsj/><ref name=rsf/><ref name=nyt/> In recent years, political instability has hindered the country's economic diversification.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref>

Kuwait sections
Intro   History   Politics  Geography  Economy   Demographics    Culture   See also  References  Further reading   External links   

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: History