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Kurdish (کوردی{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, Kurdî{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}) is a continuum of Northwestern Iranian languages spoken by the Kurds in Western Asia. Kurdish forms three dialect groups known as Northern Kurdish (Kurmanji), Central Kurdish (Sorani), and Southern Kurdish (Pehlewani). A separate group of languages, Zaza-Gorani, is also spoken by several million Kurds, but is linguistically not Kurdish.<ref name="ReferenceB">Kaya, Mehmet. The Zaza Kurds of Turkey: A Middle Eastern Minority in a Globalised Society. ISBN 1-84511-875-8</ref><ref name="belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu">http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/files/Dargin_-_Working_Paper_-_FINAL.pdf</ref><ref name="gulf2000.columbia.edu">http://gulf2000.columbia.edu/images/maps/Mid_East_Linguistic_lg.jpg</ref><ref name="Books.google.com">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> Recent (as of 2009) studies estimate between 20 and 30 million native speakers of Kurdish in total.<ref>Demographic data is unreliable especially in Turkey, where the largest number of Kurds reside, as Turkey has not permitted gathering ethnic or linguistic census data since 1965; estimates of ethnic Kurds in Turkey range from 10% to 25%, or 8 to 20 million people.</ref>

The literary output in Kurdish was mostly confined to poetry until the early 20th century, when more general literature began to be developed. Today, there are two principal written Kurdish dialects, namely Kurmanji in the northern parts of the geographical region of Kurdistan, and Sorani further east and south. The standard Sorani form of Central Kurdish is, along with Arabic, one of the two official languages of Iraq and is in political documents simply referred to as Kurdish.<ref>Allison, Christine. The Yezidi oral tradition in Iraqi Kurdistan. 2001. "However, it was the southern dialect of Kurdish, Sorani, the majority language of the Iraqi Kurds, which received sanction as an official language of Iraq."</ref><ref>Kurdish language issue and a divisive approach. http://www.kurdishacademy.org/?q=node/194</ref>


Kurdish languages sections
Intro  Classification and origin  Subdivisions  Zazaki and Gorani  History  Current status  Phonology  Historical phonology  Indo-European linguistic comparison  Grammar  Vocabulary  Writing system  See also  References  External links  

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Kurdish::language    Kurds::iranian    Gorani::turkey    Title::ipaslink    Sorani::alphabet    Central::dialects

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Kurdish (کوردی{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, Kurdî{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}) is a continuum of Northwestern Iranian languages spoken by the Kurds in Western Asia. Kurdish forms three dialect groups known as Northern Kurdish (Kurmanji), Central Kurdish (Sorani), and Southern Kurdish (Pehlewani). A separate group of languages, Zaza-Gorani, is also spoken by several million Kurds, but is linguistically not Kurdish.<ref name="ReferenceB">Kaya, Mehmet. The Zaza Kurds of Turkey: A Middle Eastern Minority in a Globalised Society. ISBN 1-84511-875-8</ref><ref name="belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu">http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/files/Dargin_-_Working_Paper_-_FINAL.pdf</ref><ref name="gulf2000.columbia.edu">http://gulf2000.columbia.edu/images/maps/Mid_East_Linguistic_lg.jpg</ref><ref name="Books.google.com">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> Recent (as of 2009) studies estimate between 20 and 30 million native speakers of Kurdish in total.<ref>Demographic data is unreliable especially in Turkey, where the largest number of Kurds reside, as Turkey has not permitted gathering ethnic or linguistic census data since 1965; estimates of ethnic Kurds in Turkey range from 10% to 25%, or 8 to 20 million people.</ref>

The literary output in Kurdish was mostly confined to poetry until the early 20th century, when more general literature began to be developed. Today, there are two principal written Kurdish dialects, namely Kurmanji in the northern parts of the geographical region of Kurdistan, and Sorani further east and south. The standard Sorani form of Central Kurdish is, along with Arabic, one of the two official languages of Iraq and is in political documents simply referred to as Kurdish.<ref>Allison, Christine. The Yezidi oral tradition in Iraqi Kurdistan. 2001. "However, it was the southern dialect of Kurdish, Sorani, the majority language of the Iraqi Kurds, which received sanction as an official language of Iraq."</ref><ref>Kurdish language issue and a divisive approach. http://www.kurdishacademy.org/?q=node/194</ref>


Kurdish languages sections
Intro  Classification and origin  Subdivisions  Zazaki and Gorani  History  Current status  Phonology  Historical phonology  Indo-European linguistic comparison  Grammar  Vocabulary  Writing system  See also  References  External links  

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