Hebrew Bible::Kingship and kingdom of God


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Hebrew Bible {{#invoke:main|main}} The term "kingdom of God" does not appear in the Hebrew Bible, although "his kingdom" and "your kingdom" are sometimes used when referring to God.<ref name=Wright>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> "Yours is the kingdom, O Lord" is used in and "His kingdom is an everlasting kingdom" in , for example.<ref name=Mays>Psalms: Interpretation by James Mays 2011 ISBN 0664234399 pages 438-439</ref>

"The Hebrew word malkuth [...] refers first to a reign, dominion, or rule and only secondarily to the realm over which a reign is exercised. [...] When malkuth is used of God, it almost always refers to his authority or to his rule as the heavenly King."<ref>George Eldon Ladd, The Presence of the Future: The Eschatology of Biblical Realism, Eerdmans (Grand Rapids: 1974), 46–47.</ref> The "enthronement psalms" (Psalms 45, 93, 96, 97-99) provide a background for this view with the exclamation "The Lord is King".<ref name=Image478>Dictionary of Biblical Imagery by Leland Ryken, James C. Wilhoit and Tremper Longman III (Nov 11, 1998) ISBN 0830814515 pages 478-479</ref>

, , and all speak of the Throne of God, although some philosophers such as Saadia Gaon and Maimonides interpreted such mention of a "throne" as allegory.<ref name= "Bowker pp. Throne of God">{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref>

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