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The term Khedive ( Hıdiv) is a title largely equivalent to the English word viceroy. It was first used, without official recognition, by Muhammad Ali Pasha (Turkish: Kavalalı Mehmet Ali Paşa{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, General Muhammad Ali of Kavala), the governor of Egypt and Sudan, and vassal of the Ottoman Empire. The initially self-declared title was officially recognized by the Ottoman government in 1867, and used subsequently by Ismail Pasha, and his dynastic successors until 1914.<ref name = "britannica">Encyclopædia Britannica: Ismail Pasha, Ottoman Viceroy of Egypt</ref>

Khedive sections
Intro  Etymology   Egypt in the 19th and early 20th centuries    See also    External links    References   

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