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The Kangxi Emperor ({{#invoke:Zh|Zh}}; Manchu: elhe taifin hūwangdi; Mongolian: Enkh Amgalan Khaan{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; 4 May 1654

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{{#invoke:Message box|mbox}}20 December 1722) was the fourth emperor of the Qing dynasty,<ref>Schirokauer, Conrad (2006). A Brief History of Chinese Civilization, Thompson Wadswoth, pp. 234–235</ref><ref>He can be viewed as the fourth emperor of the dynasty, depending on whether the dynasty's founder, Nurhaci, who used the title of Khan but was posthumously given imperial title, is to be treated as an emperor or not</ref> the first to be born on Chinese soil south of the Pass (Beijing) and the second Qing emperor to rule over China proper, from 1661 to 1722.

Kangxi's reign of 61 years makes him the longest-reigning emperor in Chinese history (although his grandson, the Qianlong Emperor, had the longest period of de facto power) and one of the longest-reigning rulers in the world.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> However, since he ascended the throne at the age of seven, actual power was held for six years by four regents and his grandmother, the Grand Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang.

Kangxi is considered one of China's greatest emperors.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> He suppressed the Revolt of the Three Feudatories, forced the Kingdom of Tungning in Taiwan to submit to Qing rule, blocked Tsarist Russia on the Amur River and expanded the empire in the northwest. He also accomplished such literary feats as the compilation of the Kangxi Dictionary.

Kangxi's reign brought about long-term stability and relative wealth after years of war and chaos. He initiated the period known as the "Prosperous Era of Kangxi and Qianlong" or "High Qing",<ref>China's Last Empire: The Great Qing, by William T. Rowe, p63</ref> which lasted for generations after his own lifetime. By the end of his reign, the Qing Empire controlled all of China proper, Taiwan, Manchuria, part of the Russian Far East (Outer Manchuria), both Inner and Outer Mongolia, and Tibet proper.


Kangxi Emperor sections
Intro  Early reign  Military achievements  Economic achievements  Cultural achievements  Christianity  Succession disputes  Death and succession  Personality and achievements  Family  Popular culture  Notes  Bibliography and further reading  

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