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="3" class="fn org summary" style="text-align:center; line-height:1.2em; font-size:115%; font-weight:bold;" <ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation ="3" style="vertical-align:middle; text-align:center; font-size:115%;"Independent kingdom<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation ="3" style="vertical-align:top; text-align:center; font-size:95%;" Motto
"대명천지"
Daemyeong Cheonji
(English: "Let there be light on the Land and in the Heavens!") ="3" style="text-align:center; font-size:95%; padding:0.6em 0em 0.6em 0em;"
Territory of Joseon after Jurchen conquest of King Sejong


="2" Capital ="width:50%;" HanseongUnknown extension tag "ref"


="2" Languages Korean

="2" Religion Neo-Confucianism (state religion)
Korean Buddhism
Korean shamanism
Christianity (from 1886)

="2" [[King of JoseonKing]] || - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" •  ="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" 1392–1398 Taejo (1st) - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1418–1450 Sejong the Great (4th) - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1776–1800 Jeongjo (22nd) - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1863–1897 Gojong (26th) - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" - class="mergedrow" ="2" Yeonguijeong - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1392-1398 Jeong Do-jeon - class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1431–1449 ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0em;text-align:left;"Coup of 1388 ="vertical-align: bottom;"May 20, 1388 ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0em;text-align:left;"Promulgation of the Korean alphabet ="vertical-align: bottom;"October 9, 1446 ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0em;text-align:left;"Japanese invasions ="vertical-align: bottom;"1592–1598 ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0em;text-align:left;"Manchu invasions ="vertical-align: bottom;"1627, 1636–1637 ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;" • ||style="padding-left:0em;text-align:left;"Japan–Korea Treaty of 1876 ="vertical-align: bottom;"February 27, 1876 ="3" Population ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  •  ="padding-left:0;text-align:left;" 1753<ref name="아틀라스한국사_108">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation ="2" CurrencyMun(1633–1892)
Yang(1892–97) ="2" Today part of
="3" 1Became Emperor of Korea in 1897
Kingdom of Joseon
CitationClass=news

}}</ref>

CitationClass=book

}} "In theory Korea is a tributary, but in practice it is an independent monarchy."</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

CitationClass=book

}} "Throughout the Goryeo and Joseon dynasties, independent statehood and unique culture were maintained"</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

CitationClass=book

}} "Joseon would rule the peninsula for 500 years. Although technically independent of the Chinese empire, Joseon also accepted subordination as a tributary"</ref>
Member of the imperial Chinese tributary system (1392–1895)Unknown extension tag "ref"


1392–1897

- class="mergedtoprow" ="3" class="maptable" { style="width:100%; text-align:center; margin:0 auto; background:none;" - ="text-align:center;border:0; vertical-align:middle;" ="text-align:center;border:0; vertical-align:middle;" - style="font-size:95%;" style="border:0; text-align:center;" Royal standard style="border:0; text-align:center;" Royal emblem }

Government Monarchy
Hwang Hui

- class="mergedrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1592–1598

Ryu Seong-ryong

- class="mergedbottomrow" ="width:1.0em; padding:0 0 0 0.6em;"  • ||style="padding-left:0;text-align:left;"1793–1801

Chae Jegong

- class="mergedbottomrow"

- class="mergedbottomrow"

Historical era Early modern period
 •  Coronation of Taejo July 17, 1392
 •  Elevation to empire October 12, 1897
CitationClass=book

}}</ref> est.

  est. 18,960,000 
 - class="mergedbottomrow"

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The Kingdom of Joseon (, literally "Great Joseon State"; also Chosŏn, Choson, Chosun) was a Korean kingdom founded by Yi Seonggye that lasted for approximately five centuries, from July 1392 to October 1897. It was officially renamed the Korean Empire in October 1897.<ref></ref> It was founded following the aftermath of the overthrow of Goryeo in what is today the city of Kaesong. Early on, Korea was retitled and the capital was relocated to modern-day Seoul. The kingdom's northernmost borders were expanded to the natural boundaries at the Yalu and Tumen Rivers through the subjugation of the Jurchens. Joseon was the last dynasty of Korea and its longest-ruling Confucian dynasty.

During its reign, Joseon encouraged the entrenchment of Chinese Confucian ideals and doctrines in Korean society. Neo-Confucianism was installed as the new dynasty's state ideology. Buddhism was accordingly discouraged and occasionally faced persecutions by the dynasty. Joseon consolidated its effective rule over the territory of current Korea and saw the height of classical Korean culture, trade, science, literature, and technology. However, the dynasty was severely weakened during the late 16th and early 17th centuries, when the Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–98) and the first and second Manchu invasions of 1636 nearly overran the Korean Peninsula, leading to an increasingly harsh isolationist policy for which the country became known as the "hermit kingdom". After the end of invasions from Manchuria, Joseon experienced a nearly 200-year period of peace.

However, whatever power the kingdom recovered during its isolation further waned as the 18th century came to a close, and faced with internal strife, power struggles, international pressure and rebellions at home, the Joseon dynasty declined rapidly in the late 19th century.

The Joseon period has left a substantial legacy to modern Korea; much of modern Korean etiquette, cultural norms, societal attitudes towards current issues, and the modern Korean language and its dialects derive from the culture and traditions of Joseon.


Joseon sections
Intro   History   Government   Foreign affairs   Society    Culture    Military and warfare    Science and technology    Economy   Titles and styles during Joseon Kingdom   House of Yi    See also   Notes  References  Bibliography  Further reading   External links   

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