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John Ernst Steinbeck, Jr. (February 27, 1902 – December 20, 1968) was an American author of twenty-seven books, including sixteen novels, six non-fiction books, and five collections of short stories. He is widely known for the comic novels Tortilla Flat (1935) and Cannery Row (1945), the multi-generation epic East of Eden (1952), and the novellas Of Mice and Men (1937) and The Red Pony (1937). The Pulitzer Prize-winning The Grapes of Wrath (1939),<ref>http://www.pulitzer.org/bycat/Novel</ref> widely attributed to be part of the American literary canon,<ref name="Sixteen Modern American Authors">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> is considered Steinbeck's masterpiece. In the first 75 years since it was published, it sold 14 million copies.<ref name="Grapes of Wrath 10 facts">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

The winner of the 1962 Nobel Prize in Literature, he has been called "a giant of American letters".<ref name="Why do children study Of Mice and Men?"/> His works are widely read abroad and many of his works are considered classics of Western literature.

Most of Steinbeck's work is set in southern and central California, particularly in the Salinas Valley and the California Coast Ranges region. His works frequently explored the themes of fate and injustice, especially as applied to downtrodden or everyman protagonists.


John Steinbeck sections
Intro  Early life  Career  Personal life  Death and legacy  Political views  Major works  Bibliography  Filmography  See also  Notes  References  External links  

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