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John Moses Browning

JOHN M. BROWNING.jpg

Personal Info
Born Ogden, Utah Territory
Died Liege, Belgium
Age 71
Religion The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Relations Rachel Child (wife)
Jonathan Browning (father)
Val A. Browning (son)
John Val Browning (grandson)
Awards John Scott Medal (1905)
Order of Léopold (1914)
Company info
Name Browning Arms Company
Foundation 1927, Utah
Fate 1977, acquired as a subsidiary by Fabrique Nationale de Herstal (FN)
Company value US$3.5 billion
Headquarters United States Mountain Green, Utah
Notable Weapons
Pistols M1911 pistol, Browning Hi-Power, Colt Woodsman
Rifles Winchester Model 1892, Remington Model 8, Winchester 1890, Winchester Model 1885
Automatic rifles Browning Automatic Rifle
Shotguns Browning Auto-5, Browning Superposed, Winchester Model 1897, Ithaca 37
Machine guns M2 Browning .50 cal., M1919 air cooled .30 cal., M1895 'potato digger' .30-06 Springfield, water cooled M1917 .30 cal.

John Moses Browning (January 23, 1855<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> – November 26, 1926), born in Ogden, Utah, was an American firearms designer who developed many varieties of military and civilian firearms, cartridges, and gun mechanisms, many of which are still in use around the world.<ref>Borth, Christy. Masters of Mass Production, p. 152, 156-9, Bobbs-Merrill Company, Indianapolis, IN, 1945.</ref> He is regarded as one of the most successful firearms designers of the 20th century, in the development of modern automatic and semi-automatic firearms, and is credited with 128 gun patents.<ref>"By 1900, over 75% of the repeating sporting arms on the United States market, both lever and pump, were of John's invention." Browning Firearms Collection brochure from The American Society of Mechanical Engineers</ref> He made his first firearm at age 13 in his father's gun shop, and was awarded his first patent on October 7, 1879 at the age of 24.<ref name="britannica">Encyclopædia Britannica online, "John Moses Browning".</ref>

Browning influenced nearly all categories of firearms design. He invented or made significant improvements to single-shot, lever-action, and slide-action, rifles and shotguns. His most significant contributions were arguably in the area of autoloading firearms. He developed the first autoloading pistols that were both reliable and compact by inventing the telescoping bolt, integrating the bolt and barrel shroud into what is known as the pistol slide. Browning's telescoping bolt design is now found on nearly every modern semi-automatic pistol, as well as several modern fully automatic weapons. He also developed the first gas-operated machine gun, the Colt–Browning Model 1895—a system that surpassed mechanical recoil operation to become the standard for most high-power self-loading firearm designs worldwide. Browning also made significant contributions to automatic cannon development.

Browning's most successful designs include the M1911 pistol, the Browning Hi Power pistol, the Browning .50 caliber machine gun, the Browning Automatic Rifle, and the Browning Auto-5, a ground-breaking semi-automatic shotgun. These arms are still manufactured today, with only minor changes in detail and cosmetics to those assembled by Browning. John Browning's guns are still some of the most copied guns in the world.


John Browning sections
Intro   Biography    Products    Military weapons    Selected patents    See also    References    External links   

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