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Jersey::title    States::islands    Channel::european    Island::saint    British::united    October::helier

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Bailiwick of Jersey
{{safesubst:#invoke:Separated entries|br}}
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: God Save The Queen{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(official)
Island Home{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(official) a
Location of  Jersey{{#invoke:String
Location of  Jersey{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(dark green)
Status Crown Dependency
Capital
and largest city
Saint Helier
{{#invoke:Coordinates|coord}}{{#coordinates:49|11.401|N|2|06.600|W|type:city||

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Official languages {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Recognised regional languages Jèrriais<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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Ethnic groups (2011<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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{{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Government Crown dependencyb
 -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II
 -  Lieutenant Governor John McColl
 -  Bailiff William Bailhache<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=news

}}</ref>
 -  Chief Minister Ian Gorst
Status British Crown dependency
 -  Administrative separation from mainland Normandy
1204 
 -  Liberation from German occupation
9 May 1945 
Area
 -  Total 118.2<ref name=figures /> km2 (227th)
45.56 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 0
Population
 -  2014 estimate 99,500<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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}}</ref> (198th)
 -  Density 819/km2 (13thc)
2,121/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2013 estimate
 -  Total $5.5 billion (£3.7 billion) (166th)
 -  Per capita $57,895 (£37,186) (6th)
HDI (2008)Steady 0.985<ref>Filling Gaps in the Human Development Index, United Nations ESCAP, February 2009</ref>
very high · not ranked
Currency Pound sterlingd (GBP)
Time zone GMTe
 -  Summer (DST)  (UTC+1)
Drives on the left
Calling code +44
Patron saint St. Helier
ISO 3166 code JE
Internet TLD .je
a. by Gerard Le Feuvre; official for occasions when distinguishing anthem required.
b. Parliamentary democracy under constitutional monarchy.
c. Rank based on population density of Channel Islands, i.e. including the Bailiwick of Guernsey.
d. The States of Jersey issue their own sterling notes and coins (see Jersey pound).
e. In a referendum on 16 October 2008, voters rejected a proposal to adopt Central European Time by 72.4%.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

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Arriving at St Helier Harbour in Jersey

Jersey ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}, French: [ʒɛʁzɛ]; Jèrriais: Jèrri [ʒɛri]), officially the Bailiwick of Jersey (French: Bailliage de Jersey{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; Jèrriais: Bailliage dé Jèrri), is a possession of the Crown in right of Jersey,<ref name="States">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> off the coast of Normandy, France.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The bailiwick consists of the island of Jersey, along with surrounding uninhabited islands and rocks collectively named Les Dirouilles, Les Écréhous, Les Minquiers, Les Pierres de Lecq,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[dead link] }}</ref> and other reefs.{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Which |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[which?] }} Jersey was part of the Duchy of Normandy, whose dukes went on to become kings of England from 1066. After Normandy was lost by the kings of England in the thirteenth century, and the ducal title surrendered to France, Jersey and the other Channel Islands remained attached to the English crown.

Jersey is a self-governing parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy, with its own financial, legal and judicial systems,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and the power of self-determination.<ref name="External policy">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

The island of Jersey is the largest of the Channel Islands. Although the Bailiwicks of Jersey and Guernsey are often referred to collectively as the Channel Islands, the "Channel Islands" are not a constitutional or political unit. Jersey has a separate relationship to the British Crown from the other Crown dependencies of Guernsey and the Isle of Man.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> It is not part of the United Kingdom,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and has an international identity separate from that of the UK,<ref name=gov.je /> but the United Kingdom is constitutionally responsible for the defence of Jersey.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The Commission have confirmed in a written reply to the European Parliament in 2003 that Jersey is within the Union as a European Territory for whose external relationships the United Kingdom is responsible. Jersey is not fully part of the European Union but has a special relationship with it, notably being treated as within the European Community for the purposes of free trade in goods.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>


Jersey sections
Intro  Toponymy  History  Politics  Geography  Climate  Economy  Demographics   Religion in Jersey   Culture  Education  Environment  Emergency services  Notable people  See also  Footnotes and references  Further reading  External links  

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