::Jacob

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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}} Jacob (later given the name Israel) is considered a patriarch of the Israelites. According to the Book of Genesis, Jacob ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Hebrew: Standard Yaʿakov<ref>Tiberian About this sound Yaʿăqōḇ]] ; Septuagint Greek: Ἰακώβ{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} Iakōb; Syriac: ܝܥܩܘܒ{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} Yah'qub; Arabic: يَعْقُوب‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} Yaʿqūb. See J. Wells, Longman pronunciation dictionary, 1990, p. 381, entry "Jacob".</ref>) was the third Hebrew progenitor with whom God made a covenant. He is the son of Isaac and Rebecca, the grandson of Abraham, Sarah and of Bethuel, and the younger twin brother of Esau. Jacob had twelve sons and at least one daughter, by his two wives, Leah and Rachel, and by their handmaidens Bilhah and Zilpah.

Jacob's twelve sons, named in Genesis, were Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph, and Benjamin. His only daughter mentioned in Genesis is Dinah. The twelve sons became the progenitors of the "Tribes of Israel".<ref>Enumerations of the twelve tribes vary. Because Jacob effectively adopted two of his grandsons by Joseph and Asenath, namely Ephraim and Manasseh, the two grandsons were often substituted for the Tribe of Joseph, yielding thirteen tribes, or twelve if Levi is set apart.</ref>

Jacob's Dream statue and display on the campus of Abilene Christian University. The artwork is based on Genesis 28:10-22 and graphically represents the scenes alluded to in the hymn "Nearer, My God, to Thee" and the spiritual "We Are Climbing Jacob's Ladder" as well as other musical works.

As a result of a severe drought in Canaan, Jacob and his sons moved to Egypt at the time when his son Joseph was viceroy. After 17 years in Egypt, Jacob died and Joseph carried Jacob's remains to the land of Canaan, and gave him a stately burial in the same Cave of Machpelah as were buried Abraham, Sarah, Isaac, Rebecca, and Jacob's first wife, Leah.

Jacob figures in a number of sacred scriptures, including the Hebrew Bible, the New Testament, the Talmud, the Qur'an, and Bahá'í scripture.<ref>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref>


Jacob sections
Intro  Etymology  Genesis narrative  Religious perspectives  Historicity  References  Further reading  External links  

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