::J. K. Rowling


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{{#invoke:Redirect template|main}} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}} Joanne "Jo" Rowling, OBE FRSL<ref>"Caine heads birthday honours list". BBC News. 17 June 2000. Retrieved 25 October 2000.</ref> ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; born 31 July 1965),<ref name=whoswho/> pen names J. K. Rowling and Robert Galbraith, is a British novelist best known as the author of the Harry Potter fantasy series. The books have gained worldwide attention, won multiple awards, and sold more than 400 million copies.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> They have become the best-selling book series in history<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and been the basis for a series of films which is the second highest-grossing film series in history.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Rowling had overall approval on the scripts<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and maintained creative control by serving as a producer on the final instalment.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Born in Yate, Gloucestershire, Rowling was working as a researcher and bilingual secretary for Amnesty International when she conceived the idea for the Harry Potter series while on a delayed train from Manchester to London in 1990.<ref name=WizardBehindPotter /> The seven-year period that followed saw the death of her mother, birth of her first child, divorce from her first husband and relative poverty until Rowling finished the first novel in the series, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, in 1997. There were six sequels, the last, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, in 2007. Since then, Rowling has written four books for adult readers, The Casual Vacancy (2012) and—under the pseudonym Robert Galbraith—the crime fiction novels The Cuckoo's Calling (2013), The Silkworm (2014) and Career of Evil (2015).<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref>

Rowling has lived a "rags to riches" life story, in which she progressed from living on state benefits to multi-millionaire status within five years. She is the United Kingdom's best-selling living author, with sales in excess of £238m.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> The 2008 Sunday Times Rich List estimated Rowling's fortune at £560 million, ranking her as the twelfth richest woman in the United Kingdom.<ref name="richlist">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> Forbes ranked Rowling as the 48th most powerful celebrity of 2007,<ref>"#48 J.K. Rowling". Forbes magazine. 14 June 2007. Retrieved 20 October 2007.</ref> and Time magazine named her as a runner-up for its 2007 Person of the Year, noting the social, moral, and political inspiration she has given her fans.<ref>Gibbs, Nancy (19 December 2007). Person of the Year 2007: Runners-Up: J.K. Rowling. Time magazine. Retrieved 23 December 2007.</ref> In October 2010, Rowling was named the "Most Influential Woman in Britain" by leading magazine editors.<ref name="htanna">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> She has supported charities including Comic Relief, One Parent Families, Multiple Sclerosis Society of Great Britain and Lumos (formerly the Children's High Level Group), and in politics supports the Labour Party and Better Together.

J. K. Rowling sections
Intro  Name  Biography  Future writing  Philanthropy  Influences  Views  Legal disputes  Awards and honours  Publications  References  External links