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State of Israel
{{safesubst:#invoke:Separated entries|br}}
Centered blue star within a horizontal triband Centered menorah surrounded by two olive branches
Flag Emblem
Anthem: "Hatikvah"{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} (language?)
"The Hope"
Projection of Asia with Israel in green
and largest city
Jerusalem  (disputed)

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Official languages {{safesubst:#invoke:list|horizontal}}
Ethnic groups (2014) {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Demonym Israeli
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
 -  President Reuven Rivlin
 -  Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu
Legislature Knesset
 -  Declared 14 May 1948 
 -  Recognition 1 May 1949 
 -  Total 20,770 / 22,072<ref group=note>20,770 is Israel within the Green Line. 22,072 includes the annexed Golan Heights and East Jerusalem.</ref> km2 (153rd)
8,019 / 8,522 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 2.12 (440 km2 / 170 mi2)
 -  2014 estimate 8,238,300<ref name="IsraelCBS">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


}}</ref> (96th)
 -  2008 census 7,412,200<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


}}</ref> (99th)
 -  Density 387.63/km2 (34th)
1,004.00/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
 -  Total {{{1}}}
 -  Per capita $33,658<ref name=imf/> (25th)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
 -  Total {{{1}}}
 -  Per capita $35,702<ref name=imf/> (25th)
Gini (2008)39.2<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


medium · 66th
HDI (2013)Steady 0.888<ref name="HDI">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


very high · 19th
Currency Israeli new shekel (‎) ([[ISO 4217|ILS <ref>sometimes as NIS</ref>]])
Time zone Israel Standard Time (UTC+2)
 -  Summer (DST) Israel Summer Time (UTC+3)
Date format {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Drives on the right
Calling code +972
ISO 3166 code IL
Internet TLD .il

Israel ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} or {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Hebrew: יִשְׂרָאֵל‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} Yisrā'el; Arabic: إِسْرَائِيل‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} Isrāʼīl), officially the State of Israel (Hebrew: מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} Medīnat Yisrā'el [mediˈnat jisʁaˈʔel]; Arabic: دولة إِسْرَائِيل‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} Dawlat Isrāʼīl [dawlat ʔisraːˈʔiːl]), is a country in West Asia, situated at the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea. It shares land borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria in the northeast, Jordan on the east, the Palestinian territories (which are claimed by the State of Palestine and are partially controlled by Israel) comprising the West Bank and Gaza Strip<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> to the east and west, respectively, and Egypt to the southwest. It contains geographically diverse features within its relatively small area.<ref name="cia">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> Israel's financial center is Tel Aviv,<ref name="">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> while Jerusalem is both its self-designated, though unrecognised by the United Nations,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> capital and the most populous individual city under the country's governmental administration. Israeli sovereignty over Jerusalem is internationally disputed.<ref group=note>The Jerusalem Law states that "Jerusalem, complete and united, is the capital of Israel" and the city serves as the seat of the government, home to the President's residence, government offices, supreme court, and parliament. United Nations Security Council Resolution 478 (20 August 1980; 14–0, U.S. abstaining) declared the Jerusalem Law "null and void" and called on member states to withdraw their diplomatic missions from Jerusalem. The United Nations and all member nations refuse to accept the Jerusalem Law (see {{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}) and maintain their embassies in other cities such as Tel Aviv, Ramat Gan, and Herzliya (see the CIA Factbook and Map of Israel). The U.S. Congress subsequently adopted the Jerusalem Embassy Act, which said that the U.S. embassy should be relocated to Jerusalem and that it should be recognized as the capital of Israel. However, the US Justice Department Office of Legal Counsel concluded that the provisions of the act "invade exclusive presidential authorities in the field of foreign affairs and are unconstitutional". Since passage of the act, all Presidents serving in office have determined that moving forward with the relocation would be detrimental to U.S. national security concerns and opted to issue waivers suspending any action on this front. The Palestinian Authority sees East Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state. The city's final status awaits future negotiations between Israel and the Palestinian Authority (see "Negotiating Jerusalem," Palestine–Israel Journal). See Positions on Jerusalem for more information.</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

On 29 November 1947, the United Nations General Assembly recommended the adoption and implementation of the Partition Plan for Mandatory Palestine. This UN plan specified borders for new Arab and Jewish states and also specified an area of Jerusalem and its environs which was to be administered by the UN under an international regime.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name="Harris">Harris, J. (1998) The Israeli Declaration of Independence The Journal of the Society for Textual Reasoning, Vol. 7</ref> The end of the British Mandate for Palestine was set for midnight on 14 May 1948. That day, David Ben-Gurion, the Executive Head of the Zionist Organization and president of the Jewish Agency for Palestine, declared "the establishment of a Jewish state in Eretz Israel, to be known as the State of Israel," which would start to function from the termination of the mandate.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The borders of the new state were not specified in the declaration.<ref name="Harris"/><ref>Declaration of Establishment of State of Israel Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs</ref> Neighboring Arab armies invaded the former Palestinian mandate on the next day and fought the Israeli forces.<ref>The Arab-Israeli War of 1948 (US Department of State, Office of the Historian)"Arab forces joining the Palestinian Arabs in attacking territory in the former Palestinian mandate."</ref><ref>Yoav Gelber, Palestine 1948, 2006 — Chap.8 "The Arab Regular Armies' Invasion of Palestine".</ref> Israel has since fought several wars with neighboring Arab states,<ref name=RoutledgeAtlas>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> in the course of which it has occupied the West Bank, Sinai Peninsula (1956–57, 1967–82), part of South Lebanon (1982–2000), Gaza Strip and the Golan Heights. It extended its laws to the Golan Heights and East Jerusalem, but not the West Bank.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref><ref name="Olmertquote">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref><ref name="HomelandSecurityBorders">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name="TelAvivNotes">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Efforts to resolve the Israeli–Palestinian conflict have not resulted in peace. However, peace treaties between Israel and both Egypt and Jordan have successfully been signed. Israel’s occupation of Gaza, the West Bank and East Jerusalem is the world's longest military occupation in modern times.Unknown extension tag "ref"<ref>See for example:
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The population of Israel, as defined by the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, was estimated in 2014 to be 8,146,300 people. It is the world's only Jewish-majority state; 6,212,000 citizens, or 74.9% of Israelis, are designated as Jewish. The country's second largest group of citizens are denoted as Arabs, with 1,718,400 people (including the Druze and most East Jerusalem Arabs).<ref name="cbsmonth">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name="population_stat">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The great majority of Israeli Arabs are settled Muslims, with smaller but significant numbers of semi-settled Negev Bedouins; the rest are Christians and Druze. Other minorities include Maronites, Samaritans, Dom people and Roma, Black Hebrew Israelites, other Sub-Saharan Africans,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> Armenians, Circassians, Vietnamese boat people, and others. Israel also hosts a significant population of non-citizen foreign workers and asylum seekers from Africa and Asia.<ref name="Adriana Kemp"/>

In its Basic Laws, Israel defines itself as a Jewish and Democratic State.<ref name=freedomhouse2008>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Israel is a representative democracy<ref name="Norton2001">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> with a parliamentary system, proportional representation and universal suffrage.<ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}. "A current list of liberal democracies includes: Andorra, Argentina, ... , Cyprus, ... , Israel, ..."</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The Prime Minister serves as head of government and the Knesset serves as Israel's legislative body. Israel is a developed country and an OECD member,<ref name="OECD">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> with the 37th-largest economy in the world by nominal gross domestic product as of 2014. The country benefits from a highly skilled workforce and is among the most educated countries in the world with the one of the highest percentage of its citizens holding a tertiary education degree.<ref name="Andreas Schleicher 2013">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name="LIDAR GRAVE-LAZI">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The country has the highest standard of living in the Middle East and the fifth highest in Asia,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name=""></ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and has one of the highest life expectancies in the world.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref>

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