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{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} Islamism (Urdu:

  1. REDIRECT ‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; Arabic: إسلاموية‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}), also known as Political Islam, utilizes certain Muslim "doctrines, beliefs and values as the foundation of a political structure that supporters of that ideology have called 'the Islamic State.'"<ref>Soage, Ana Belén. "Introduction to Political Islam1." Religion Compass 3.5 (2009): 887-896.</ref> Islamists can have varying interpretations on various Quranic suras and ayahs. Islamist views emphasize the implementation of Sharia (Islamic law); of pan-Islamic political unity; and of the selective removal of non-Muslim, particularly Western military, economic, political, social, or cultural influences in the Muslim world that they believe to be incompatible with Islam.<ref>Qutbism: An Ideology of Islamic-Fascism by DALE C. EIKMEIER From Parameters, Spring 2007, pp. 85-98. Accessed 6 February 2012</ref>

Some observers (Graham Fuller) suggest Islamism's tenets are less strict, and can be defined as a form of identity politics or "support for [Muslim] identity, authenticity, broader regionalism, revivalism, [and] revitalization of the community."<ref>Fuller, Graham E., The Future of Political Islam, Palgrave MacMillan, (2003), p. 21</ref> Following the Arab Spring, Olivier Roy described political Islam as "increasingly interdependent" with political democracy.<ref name="foreignpolicy1">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Islamists<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> generally oppose the use of the term, claiming that their political beliefs and goals are simply an expression of Islamic religious belief. Similarly, some experts (Bernard Lewis) favor the term "activist Islam",<ref name="ICG">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[dead link] }} Archived at WebCite</ref><ref name="autogenerated2">Islamic republic by Bernard Lewis</ref> or "political Islam" (Trevor Stanley),<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and some (Robin Wright) have equated the term "militant Islam" with Islamism.<ref>Wright, Robin, Sacred Rage: The Wrath of Militant Islam,</ref>

Central and prominent figures of modern Islamism include Hasan al-Banna, Sayyid Qutb, Abul Ala Maududi,<ref> Fuller, Graham E., The Future of Political Islam, Palgrave MacMillan, (2003), p. 120 </ref> and Ruhollah Khomeini.<ref name="KramerTerms"/>


Islamism sections
Intro  Definitions  History of the term  Relation to Islam  Influence  Sources of strength  Criticism  History  Counter-response  Parties and organizations  See also  References  Further reading  External links  

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