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The Kaaba, in Mecca, Hejaz region, today's Saudi Arabia, is the center of Islam. Muslims from all over the world gather there to pray in unity.

Islam ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}};<ref group=note>There are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is /[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|z]]/ or /[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|s]]/, and whether the a is pronounced /[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|ɑː]]/, /[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|æ]]/ or (when the stress is on the first syllable) /[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|ə]]/ (Merriam Webster). The most common are {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} (Oxford English Dictionary, Random House) and {{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}} (American Heritage Dictionary).</ref> Arabic: الإسلام‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, al-ʾIslām IPA: [ælʔɪsˈlæːm]<ref group=note>/ʔiˈslaːm/: Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from [[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|i]]]~[[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|ɪ]]]~[[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|e]]]. The second vowel ranges from [[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|æ]]]~[[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|a]]]~[[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|ɑ]]]~[[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|ɛ]]]. In Northwestern Africa, they do not have stress or lengthened vowels.</ref>) is a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God (Allāh), and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (c. 570–8 June 632 CE), considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God. An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim (sometimes spelled "Moslem").<ref> "muslim"</ref>

Muslims believe that God is one and incomparable<ref> [1]</ref> and that the purpose of existence is to worship God.<ref>

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|CitationClass=web }}</ref> Muslims also believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed many times before through prophets including Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus.<ref name="People-of-the-Book">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Although a large majority of Muslims do maintain that the previous messages and revelations have been partially misinterpreted over time,<ref name="Distorted">

  • Accad (2003): According to Ibn Taymiya, although only some Muslims accept the textual veracity of the entire Bible, most Muslims will grant the veracity of most of it.
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</ref> they are nevertheless all obliged, according to the Qur'an, to treat the older scriptures with the utmost respect.<ref>Cf. Qur'an, III. 3; V. 4; V. 43 etc.</ref> As for the Qur'an, Muslims consider it to be both the unaltered and the final revelation of God.<ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes | harvard_core }}</ref> Religious concepts and practices include the five pillars of Islam, which are basic concepts and obligatory acts of worship, and following Islamic law, which touches on virtually every aspect of life and society, providing guidance on multifarious topics from banking and welfare, to family life and the environment.<ref>{{#invoke:Footnotes | harvard_core }}</ref><ref>

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The expansion of the Islamic Empire in the years following Prophet Muhammed's death led to the creation of caliphates, occupying a vast geographical area and conversion to Islam was boosted by missionary activities.<ref>The preaching of Islam: a history of the propagation of the Muslim faith By Sir Thomas Walker Arnold, pg.125-258</ref> These early caliphates, coupled with Muslim economics and trading and the later expansion of the Ottoman Empire, resulted in Islam's spread outwards from Mecca towards both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and the creation of the Muslim world.

Most Muslims are of two denominations: Sunni (75–90%)<ref name=Sunni/> or Shia (10–20%).<ref name=Shia/> About 13% of Muslims live in Indonesia,<ref name="Miller 2009, pp.8,17">{{#invoke:Footnotes | harvard_core }}</ref> the largest Muslim-majority country, 25% in South Asia,<ref name="Miller 2009, pp.8,17"/> 20% in the Middle East,<ref>

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</ref> and 15% in Sub-Saharan Africa.<ref name="mgmpPRC"/> Sizable Muslim communities are also found in Europe, China, Russia, and the Americas. Converts and immigrant communities are found in almost every part of the world. With about 1.62 billion followers or 23% of the global population,<ref name="pewmuslim4">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> Islam is the second-largest religion by number of adherents and, according to many sources, the fastest-growing major religion in the world.<ref>PBS - Islam: Empire of Faith - Faith - Islam Today.</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref>

Islam sections
Intro  Articles of faith  Five pillars  Law and jurisprudence  History  Denominations  Demographics  Culture  Criticism  See also  References  Further reading  External links  

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