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Isfahan (Persian: اصفهان‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}‎, ), also Romanized as Esfahān; historically also rendered in English as Ispahan, Sepahan, Esfahan or Hispahan, is the capital of Isfahan Province in Iran, located about {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} south of Tehran. It has a population of 1,755,382 and is Iran's third largest city after Tehran and Mashhad. The Greater Isfahan Region had a population of 3,793,101 in the 2011 Census, the third most populous metropolitan area in Iran after Tehran and Mashhad.<ref>2006 Census Results and Mashhad(Statistical Center of Iran, Excel file, in Persian.)</ref>

The cities of Zarrinshahr, Fooladshahr and Najafabad, Se-deh, Shahinshahr, Mobarakeh, Falavarjan and Charmahin all constitute the metropolitan city of Isfahan.

Isfahan is located on the main north–south and east–west routes crossing Iran, and was once one of the largest cities in the world. It flourished from 1050 to 1722, particularly in the 16th century under the Safavid dynasty, when it became the capital of Persia for the second time in its history. Even today, the city retains much of its past glory. It is famous for its Persian–Islamic architecture, with many beautiful boulevards, covered bridges, palaces, mosques, and minarets. This led to the Persian proverb "Esfahān nesf-e- jahān ast" (Isfahan is half of the world).<ref name="IIHTW">"Isfahan Is Half The World", Saudi Aramco World, Volume 13, Nr. 1, January 1962</ref>

The Naghsh-e Jahan Square in Isfahan is one of the largest city squares in the world and an outstanding example of Iranian and Islamic architecture. It has been designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. The city also has a wide variety of historic monuments and is known for the paintings, history and architecture.


Isfahan sections
Intro  History  Geography and climate  Main sights  Transportation  Culture  Notable people  Education  Sports  Twin towns \u2013 Sister cities  See also  References  External links  

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