Actions

::Individualism

::concepts

Which::title    State::first    Press::social    Human::egoism    Society::moral    Thought::books

{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral worth of the individual.<ref name="britannica.com">http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/286303/individualism "Individualism" on Encyclopædia Britannica Online</ref><ref>Ellen Meiksins Wood. Mind and Politics: An Approach to the Meaning of Liberal and Socialist Individualism. University of California Press. 1972. ISBN 0-520-02029-4. Pg. 6</ref> Individualists promote the exercise of one's goals and desires and so value independence and self-reliance<ref name="thefreedictionary.com">http://www.thefreedictionary.com/individualism "individualism" on The Free Dictionary</ref> and advocate that interests of the individual should achieve precedence over the state or a social group,<ref name="thefreedictionary.com"/> while opposing external interference upon one's own interests by society or institutions such as the government.<ref name="thefreedictionary.com"/> Individualism is often contrasted with totalitarianism or collectivism.<ref name="Hayek 1994 17, 37–48">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

Individualism makes the individual its focus<ref name="britannica.com"/> and so starts "with the fundamental premise that the human individual is of primary importance in the struggle for liberation."<ref name="ReferenceA"/> Liberalism, existentialism, and anarchism are examples of movements that take the human individual as a central unit of analysis.<ref name="ReferenceA">L. Susan Brown. The Politics of Individualism: Liberalism, Liberal Feminism, and Anarchism. BLACK ROSE BOOKS LID. 1993</ref> Individualism thus involves "the right of the individual to freedom and self-realization".<ref>Ellen Meiksins Wood. Mind and Politics: An Approach to the Meaning of Liberal and Socialist Individualism. University of California Press. 1972. ISBN 0-520-02029-4 Pg. 6-7</ref>

It has also been used as a term denoting "The quality of being an individual; individuality"<ref name="thefreedictionary.com"/> related to possessing "An individual characteristic; a quirk."<ref name="thefreedictionary.com"/> Individualism is thus also associated with artistic and bohemian interests and lifestyles where there is a tendency towards self-creation and experimentation as opposed to tradition or popular mass opinions and behaviors<ref name="thefreedictionary.com"/><ref name="jstor.org">http://www.jstor.org/pss/2570771 Bohemianism: the underworld of Art by George S. Snyderman and William Josephs</ref> as so also with humanist philosophical positions and ethics.<ref>"The leading intellectual trait of the era was the recovery, to a certain degree, of the secular and humane philosophy of Greece and Rome. Another humanist trend which cannot be ignored was the rebirth of individualism, which, developed by Greece and Rome to a remarkable degree, had been suppressed by the rise of a caste system in the later Roman Empire, by the Church and by feudalism in the Middle Ages."The history guide: Lectures on Modern European Intellectual History"</ref><ref>"Anthropocentricity and individualism...Humanism and Italian art were similar in giving paramount attention to human experience, both in its everyday immediacy and in its positive or negative extremes...The human-centredness of Renaissance art, moreover, was not just a generalized endorsement of earthly experience. Like the humanists, Italian artists stressed the autonomy and dignity of the individual.""Humanism" on Encyclopædia Britannica</ref>


Individualism sections
Intro  Etymology  The individual  Individualism and society  Political individualism  Philosophical individualism  Economic individualism  As creative independent lifestyle  See also  References  Notes  Further reading  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Etymology
<<>>