India::title    Citation::first    Indian::books    Https::google    SfnRef::thumb    Metcalf::india's

{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:Protection banner|main}} {{#invoke:Protection banner|main}} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use Indian English |date=__DATE__ |$B= }}

Republic of India
{{safesubst:#invoke:Separated entries|br}}
Horizontal tricolor flag bearing, from top to bottom, deep saffron, white, and green horizontal bands. In the center of the white band is a navy-blue wheel with 24 spokes. Three lions facing left, right, and toward viewer, atop a frieze containing a galloping horse, a 24-spoke wheel, and an elephant. Underneath is a motto: "सत्यमेव जयते".
Flag Emblem
Motto: "Satyameva Jayate"{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} (Sanskrit)
"Truth Alone Triumphs"{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}}
Anthem: Jana Gana Mana
"Thou art the rulers of the minds of all people"{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}}<ref name="">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


National song:
Vande Mataram
"I Bow to Thee, Mother"Unknown extension tag "ref"{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}}<ref name=""/>
Image of a globe centred on India, with India highlighted.
Area controlled by India shown in dark green;
claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
CapitalNew Delhi

| |name=

Largest city Mumbai

| |name=

Official languages {{safesubst:#invoke:collapsible list|main}}
Recognised regional languages {{safesubst:#invoke:collapsible list|main}}
National language None
Religion 79.8% Hindu
14.2% Muslim
2.3% Christian
1.7% Sikh and others
Demonym Indian
Government Federal parliamentary
constitutional republic{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}}
 -  President Pranab Mukherjee
 -  Vice President Mohammad Hamid Ansari
 -  Prime Minister Narendra Modi
 -  Chief Justice H. L. Dattu<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


 -  Speaker of the House Sumitra Mahajan
Legislature Parliament of India
 -  Upper house Rajya Sabha
 -  Lower house Lok Sabha
Independence from the United Kingdom
 -  Dominion 15 August 1947 
 -  Republic 26 January 1950 
 -  Total 3,287,590<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


}}</ref> km2Unknown extension tag "ref" (7th)
1,269,346 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 9.6
 -  2015 estimate 1,276,267,000<ref>"India".IMF Population estimates</ref> (2nd)
 -  2011 census 1,210,193,422{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}} (2nd)
 -  Density /km2 (31st)
/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $8.027 trillion<ref name = imf2>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


}}</ref> (3rd)
 -  Per capita $6,209<ref name=imf2/> (124th)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $2.182 trillion<ref name=imf2/> (7th)
 -  Per capita $1,688<ref name=imf2/> (141st)
Gini (2010)33.9<ref name="wb-gini">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


medium · 79th
HDI (2013)Steady 0.586<ref name="UN">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation


medium · 135th
Currency Indian rupee (₹) (INR)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+05:30)
Date format dd-mm-yyyy (CE)
Drives on the left
Calling code +91
ISO 3166 code IN
Internet TLD .in {{safesubst:#invoke:collapsible list|main}}

India, officially the Republic of India (Bhārat Gaṇarājya{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}),<ref name=Clementin-Ojha>{{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=journal }}</ref><ref>"Dunlop illustrated encyclopedia of facts", p. 91, by Norris McWhirter, Ross McWhirter</ref>Unknown extension tag "ref" is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world. India is a federal constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system consisting of 29 states and 7 union territories. A pluralistic, multilingual, and multi-ethnic society, the country is also home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west;Unknown extension tag "ref" China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; in addition, India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

Home to the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history.{{#invoke:Footnotes|sfn}} Four religions—Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism—originated here, whereas Zoroastrianism and the Abrahamic religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam arrived in the 1st millennium CE and also shaped the region's diverse culture. Gradually annexed by and brought under the administration of the British East India Company from the early 18th century and administered directly by the United Kingdom after the Indian Rebellion of 1857, India became an independent nation in 1947 after a struggle for independence that was marked by non-violent resistance led by Mahatma Gandhi.

The Indian economy is the world's seventh-largest by nominal GDP and third-largest by purchasing power parity (PPP).<ref name="imf2"/> Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies; it is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, inadequate public healthcare, and terrorism. A nuclear weapons state and a regional power, it has the third-largest standing army in the world and ranks ninth in military expenditure among nations.

India sections
Intro  Etymology  History  Geography  Biodiversity  Politics  Foreign relations and military  Economy  Demographics  Culture  See also  Notes  References  Bibliography  [[India?section=External</a>_links|External</a> links]]  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Etymology