::Ibn Khaldun


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{{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}} Ibn Khaldūn ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Arabic: أبو زيد عبد الرحمن بن محمد بن خلدون الحضرمي‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}, Abū Zayd ‘Abd ar-Raḥmān ibn Muḥammad ibn Khaldūn al-Ḥaḍramī; May 27, 1332 – March 19, 1406) was a North African Arab<ref name="ReferenceA">Genealogy and Knowledge in Muslim Societies: Understanding the Past. Sarah Bowen Savant.</ref><ref>Historical Dictionary of Yemen. Robert D. Burrowes.</ref><ref></ref> Muslim historiographer and historian, regarded to be among the founding fathers of modern sociology,<ref name="HistoryAndSociology" group="n" /> historiography, demography,<ref name="HistoryAndSociology" group="n" /> and economics.<ref>• Joseph J. Spengler (1964). "Economic Thought of Islam: Ibn Khaldun", Comparative Studies in Society and History, 6(3), pp. 268-306.
  • Jean David C. Boulakia (1971). "Ibn Khaldûn: A Fourteenth-Century Economist", Journal of Political Economy, 79(5), pp. 1105–1118.</ref><ref name="Economics" group="n" />

He is best known for his book, the Muqaddimah (literally the "Introduction", known as the Prolegomena in Greek). The book influenced 17th-century Ottoman historians like Ḥajjī Khalīfa and Mustafa Naima who used the theories in the book to analyze the growth and decline of the Ottoman Empire.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> 19th-century European scholars also acknowledged the significance of the book and considered Ibn Khaldun as one of the greatest philosophers of the Middle Ages.<ref>Bernard Lewis: "Ibn Khaldun in Turkey", in: Ibn Khaldun: The Mediterranean in the 14th Century: Rise and Fall of Empires, Foundation El Legado Andalusí, 2006, ISBN 978-84-96556-34-8, pp. 376–380 (376)</ref><ref>S. M. Deen (2007) Science under Islam: rise, decline and revival. p. 157. ISBN 1-84799-942-5</ref>

Ibn Khaldun sections
Intro  Biography   Works   Legacy  [[Ibn_Khaldun?section=See</a>_also|See</a> also]]  Notes and references  External links  

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