::ISDN User Part

::concepts

Message::itu-t    RECEIVED::message    Number::exchange    Circuit::reg-i-    Switch::width    Colspan::mdash

{{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}} The ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network) User Part or ISUP is part of the Signaling System No. 7 (SS7) which is used to set up telephone calls in the public switched telephone network (PSTN). It is specified by the ITU-T as part of the Q.76x series.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=citation }}.</ref>

When a telephone call is set up from one subscriber to another, several telephone exchanges could be involved, possibly across international boundaries. To allow a call to be set up correctly, where ISUP is supported, a switch will signal call-related information like called party number to the next switch in the network using ISUP messages.

The telephone exchanges may be connected via E1 or T1 trunks which transport the speech from the calls. These trunks are divided into 64 kbit/s timeslots, and one timeslot can carry exactly one call. Regardless of what facilities are used to interconnect switches, each circuit between two switches is uniquely identified by a circuit identification code (CIC) that is included in the ISUP messages. The exchange uses this information along with the received signaling information (especially the called party number) to determine which inbound and outbound circuits should be connected together to provide an end to end speech path.

In addition to call related information, ISUP is also used to exchange status information for, and permit management of, the available circuits. In the case of no outbound circuit being available on a particular exchange, a release message is sent back to the preceding switches in the chain.


ISDN User Part sections
Intro   ISUP variants    Message types    Sample call flow    Cause codes    Message format    See also    Notes    References   

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