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Hungary
{{safesubst:#invoke:Separated entries|br}}
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: 
Cum Deo pro Patria et Libertate! (Historically Latin)
"With the help of God for Homeland and Freedom!"
Anthem: Himnusz
Hymn
File:Erkel Ferenc Magyar Himnusz.ogg
Location of  Hungary{{#invoke:String
Location of  Hungary{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(dark green)

– in Europe{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(green & dark grey)
– in the European Union{{#invoke:String|rep| |2}}(green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Budapest
{{#invoke:Coordinates|coord}}{{#coordinates:47|26|N|19|15|E|type:city||

| |name=

}}
Official languages Hungarian
Ethnic groups (2011<ref name="Census2011"/>) {{safesubst:#invoke:list|unbulleted}}
Demonym Hungarian
Government Unitary parliamentary
constitutional republic
 -  President János Áder
 -  Prime Minister Viktor Orbán
 -  Speaker of the National Assembly László Kövér
Legislature Országgyűlés
(National Assembly)
Foundation
 -  Principality of Hungary 895<ref>Encyclopedia Americana, Volume 1, Scholastic Library Pub., 2006, p. 581</ref> 
 -  Christian Kingdom 25 December 1000<ref>University of British Columbia. Committee for Medieval Studies, Studies in medieval and renaissance history, Committee for Medieval Studies, University of British Columbia, 1980, p. 159</ref> 
 -  Golden Bull of 1222 24 April 1222 
 -  Ottoman occupation
of Buda
29 August 1541 
 -  Liberation of Buda 2 September 1686 
 -  Hungarian Revolution 15 March 1848 
 -  Austro-Hungarian Compromise 20 March 1867 
 -  Treaty of Trianon 4 June 1920 
 -  Third Republic 23 October 1989 
 -  Joined the European Union 1 May 2004 
Area
 -  Total 93,030<ref name=area>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref> km2 (109th)
35,919 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 0.74%
Population
 -  2014 estimate 9,877,365<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref> (84th)
 -  2011 census 9,937,628<ref>Hungarian Central Statistical Office Census Data 2011. Retrieved 28 March 2013.</ref>
 -  Density 107.2/km2 (94th)
279.0/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $255.254 billion<ref name=imf2>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref> (57th)
 -  Per capita $25,239<ref name=imf2/> (49th)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $126.691 billion<ref name=imf2/> (58th)
 -  Per capita $12,853<ref name=imf2/> (57th)
Gini (2013)28.0<ref name=eurogini>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref>
low
HDI (2013)Increase 0.831<ref name="HDI">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

|CitationClass=web

}}</ref>
very high · 37th
Currency Forint (HUF)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Date format yyyy/mm/dd
Drives on the right
Calling code +36
Patron saint Virgin Mary
ISO 3166 code HU
Internet TLD .hua
a. Also .eu as part of the European Union.

Hungary ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}}; Hungarian: Magyarország{{#invoke:Category handler|main}} [ˈmɒɟɒrorsaːɡ]) is a landlocked country in Central Europe.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It is situated in the Carpathian Basin and is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, Slovenia to the west, Austria to the northwest, and Ukraine to the northeast. The country's capital and largest city is Budapest. Hungary is a member of the European Union, NATO, the OECD, the Visegrád Group, and the Schengen Area. The official language is Hungarian, which is the most widely spoken non-Indo-European language in Europe.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

Following centuries of successive habitation by Celts, Romans, Huns, Slavs, Gepids, and Avars, the foundation of Hungary was laid in the late 9th century by the Hungarian grand prince Árpád in the Honfoglalás ("homeland-conquest"). His great-grandson Stephen I ascended to the throne in 1000 CE, converting the country to a Christian kingdom. By the 12th century, Hungary became a middle power within the Western world, reaching a golden age by the 15th century.<ref>Kristó Gyula – Barta János – Gergely Jenő: Magyarország története előidőktől 2000-ig (History of Hungary from the prehistory to 2000), Pannonica Kiadó, Budapest, 2002, ISBN 963-9252-56-5, p. 687, pp. 37, pp. 113 ("Magyarország a 12. század második felére jelentős európai tényezővé, középhatalommá vált."/"By the 12th century Hungary became an important European constituent, became a middle power.", "A Nyugat részévé vált Magyarország.../Hungary became part of the West"), pp. 616–644</ref> Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526 and about 150 years of partial Ottoman occupation (1541–1699), Hungary came under Habsburg rule, and later formed a significant part of the Austro–Hungarian Empire (1867–1918).

Hungary's current borders were first established by the Treaty of Trianon (1920) after World War I, when the country lost 71% of its territory, 58% of its population, and 32% of ethnic Hungarians. Following the interwar period, Hungary joined the Axis Powers in World War II, suffering significant damage and casualties. Hungary came under the influence of the Soviet Union, which contributed to the establishment of a four-decade-long communist dictatorship (1947–1989). The country gained widespread international attention regarding the Revolution of 1956 and the seminal opening of its previously-restricted border with Austria in 1989, which accelerated the collapse of the Eastern Bloc.

On 23 October 1989, Hungary again became a democratic parliamentary republic, and today has a high-income economy<ref>http://data.worldbank.org/income-level/OEC</ref> with a very high Human Development Index.<ref name=HighOECD>Country and Lending Groups | Data. Data.worldbank.org. Retrieved on 11 August 2014.</ref><ref name=qq>United Nations Development Programme: Human Development Report, 2014</ref> Hungary is a popular tourist destination attracting 10.675 million tourists a year (2013).<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> It is home to the largest thermal water cave system<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and the second-largest thermal lake in the world (Lake Hévíz), the largest lake in Central Europe (Lake Balaton), and the largest natural grasslands in Europe (the Hortobágy National Park).


Hungary sections
Intro  Etymology  History  Geography  Governance   Foreign relations   Economy  Education  Science and technology  Transport  Demographics  Culture  See also  References  External links  

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