::Hulagu Khan


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Hulagu Khan, also known as Hülegü or Hulegu (Mongolian: Хүлэгу хаан{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; Chagatai: ہلاکو{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; Persian: هولاکو خان‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}‎; Chinese: 旭烈兀{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; c. 1218 – 8 February 1265), was a Mongol ruler who conquered much of Western Asia. Son of Tolui and the Khereid princess Sorghaghtani Beki, he was a grandson of Genghis Khan and brother of Ariq Böke, Möngke Khan, and Kublai Khan.

Hulagu's army greatly expanded the southwestern portion of the Mongol Empire, founding the Ilkhanate of Persia, a precursor to the eventual Safavid dynasty, and then the modern state of Iran. Under Hulagu's leadership, the siege of Baghdad (1258) destroyed the greatest center of Islamic power and also weakened Damascus, causing a shift of Islamic influence to the Mamluk Sultanate in Cairo. Under Hulagu's dynasty, Iranian historians began writing in Persian rather than Arabic.

Hulagu Khan sections
Intro   Background    Military campaigns    Siege of Baghdad    Conquest of Syria (1260)    Civil War    Communications with Europe    Death    Legacy    Notes    References    External links   

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