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Queen Wealhþeow serving Hrothgar (background, centre) and his men. Illustration from a 1908 children's book.

Hrothgar (Old English: Hroðgar{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; Old Norse: Hróarr{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}) was a legendary Danish king living in the early 6th century.<ref>The dating has never been a matter of controversy. It is inferred from the internal chronology of the sources themselves and the dating of Hygelac's raid on Frisia to c. 516. It is also supported by archaeological excavations of the barrows of Eadgils and Ohthere in Sweden. For a discussion, see e.g. Birger Nerman's Det svenska rikets uppkomst (1925) (in Swedish). For presentations of the archaeological findings, see e.g. Elisabeth Klingmark's Gamla Uppsala, Svenska kulturminnen 59, Riksantikvarieämbetet (in Swedish), or this English language presentation by the Swedish National Heritage Board</ref>

Hrothgar appears in the Anglo-Saxon epics Beowulf and Widsith, in Norse sagas and poems, and in medieval Danish chronicles. In both Anglo-Saxon and Scandinavian tradition, Hrothgar is a Scylding, the son of Halfdan, the brother of Halga, and the uncle of Hrólfr Kraki. Moreover, in both traditions, the mentioned characters were the contemporaries of the Swedish king Eadgils; and both traditions also mention a feud with men named Fróði and Ingeld. The consensus view is that Anglo-Saxon and Scandinavian traditions describe the same person.<ref>Shippey, T. A.: Wicked Queens and Cousin Strategies in Beowulf and Elsewhere, Notes and Bibliography. In The Heroic Age Issue 5 Summer 2001.</ref>


Hrothgar sections
Intro  Names  Anglo-Saxon poems  Scandinavian sources  Comments   In popular culture  Notes  Sources  

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Hrothgar::beowulf    Ingeld::halga    Saga''::kraki's    Sources::brother    Denmark::father    Froda::daughter

Queen Wealhþeow serving Hrothgar (background, centre) and his men. Illustration from a 1908 children's book.

Hrothgar (Old English: Hroðgar{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}; Old Norse: Hróarr{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}) was a legendary Danish king living in the early 6th century.<ref>The dating has never been a matter of controversy. It is inferred from the internal chronology of the sources themselves and the dating of Hygelac's raid on Frisia to c. 516. It is also supported by archaeological excavations of the barrows of Eadgils and Ohthere in Sweden. For a discussion, see e.g. Birger Nerman's Det svenska rikets uppkomst (1925) (in Swedish). For presentations of the archaeological findings, see e.g. Elisabeth Klingmark's Gamla Uppsala, Svenska kulturminnen 59, Riksantikvarieämbetet (in Swedish), or this English language presentation by the Swedish National Heritage Board</ref>

Hrothgar appears in the Anglo-Saxon epics Beowulf and Widsith, in Norse sagas and poems, and in medieval Danish chronicles. In both Anglo-Saxon and Scandinavian tradition, Hrothgar is a Scylding, the son of Halfdan, the brother of Halga, and the uncle of Hrólfr Kraki. Moreover, in both traditions, the mentioned characters were the contemporaries of the Swedish king Eadgils; and both traditions also mention a feud with men named Fróði and Ingeld. The consensus view is that Anglo-Saxon and Scandinavian traditions describe the same person.<ref>Shippey, T. A.: Wicked Queens and Cousin Strategies in Beowulf and Elsewhere, Notes and Bibliography. In The Heroic Age Issue 5 Summer 2001.</ref>


Hrothgar sections
Intro  Names  Anglo-Saxon poems  Scandinavian sources  Comments   In popular culture  Notes  Sources  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Names
<<>>