Henry V and the Hundred Years' War::House of Lancaster


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Henry V and the Hundred Years' War {{#invoke:main|main}}

Henry V's victory at the Battle of Agincourt

Henry V of England was a successful and ruthless monarch.<ref name=Schama2656>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> He was quick to re-assert the claim to the French throne he inherited from Edward III, continuing what was later called the Hundred Years' War. The war was not a formal, continuous conflict but a series of English raids and military expeditions from 1337 until 1453. There were six major royal expeditions; Henry himself led the fifth and sixth, but these were unlike the smaller, frequent, provincial campaigns.<ref name=Davies419>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> In Henry's first major campaign—and the fifth major royal campaign of the war—he invaded France, captured Harfleur, made a chevauchée to Calais and won a near-total victory over the French at the Battle of Agincourt despite being outnumbered, outmanoeuvred and low on supplies.<ref name=Schama265 >{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> In his second campaign, he recaptured much of Normandy and in a treaty secured a marriage to Catherine of Valois. The terms of the Treaty of Troyes were that Henry's and Catherine's heirs would succeed to the throne of France. This condition was contested by the Dauphin and the momentum of the war changed. In 1421, Henry's brother Thomas, Duke of Clarence, was killed at the Battle of Baugé, and Henry V died of dysentery at Vincennes in 1422.<ref name=Weir2008p133>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref><ref name="HumphreyDoG">{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref>

Henry VI of England was less than a year old but his uncles—led by Henry V's brother John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford—continued the war.<ref name=Johndob>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> There were more victories, including the Battle of Verneuil, but it was impossible to maintain campaigning at this level. Joan of Arc's involvement helped the French remove the siege of Orleans<ref name=Davies76>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref> and win the Battle of Patay before Joan was captured by the Burgundians, sold to the English, tried as a witch and burned at the stake. The Dauphin was crowned and continued the successful Fabian tactics of avoiding full frontal assault and exploiting logistical advantage.<ref name=Weir1995p82>{{#invoke:Footnotes|harvard_citation_no_bracket}}</ref>

House of Lancaster sections
Intro  Origin of the Earls of Lancaster  Duchy and Palatinate of Lancaster  Reign of Henry IV  Henry V and the Hundred Years' War  Henry VI and the fall of the House of Lancaster  Legacy  Earls and Dukes of Lancaster (first creation)  Dukes of Lancaster (second creation)  Lancastrian Kings of England  Family Tree  See also  References  Bibliography  External links  

Henry V and the Hundred Years' War
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