::History of South Africa

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{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use South African English |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Use dmy dates |date=__DATE__ |$B= }} {{#invoke:Sidebar|sidebar}} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}} The history of South Africa is characterised by racial and political violence, territorial conflict, wars of conquest, and inter-ethnic rivalry. The aboriginal Khoi and San lived in the region for millennia. Most of the rest of the population trace their history to later immigration. Africans (also referred to as Bantu) in South Africa are descendants of migrants from central Africa, who first entered southern Africa about 2000 years ago. White South Africans are descendants of later European settlers, mainly from the Netherlands, Germany, France and Britain. The large population of Coloureds, as they were officially classified, are descended at least in part from all of these groups, as well as from slaves imported from Madagascar, East Africa and the then Dutch East Indies.

The discoveries of diamonds and gold in the 19th Century had a profound effect on the fortunes of the region, propelling it onto the world stage and introducing a shift away from an exclusively agrarian-based economy towards industrialisation and the development of urban infrastructure. The discoveries also led to new conflicts including open warfare between the Boer settlers and imperial Britain.

From 1948 to 1994, South African politics were dominated by Afrikaner nationalism centered around racial segregation and white minority rule known officially as apartheid, an Afrikaans word meaning separateness. Apartheid was an extension of racist legislation enacted previously from 1910 to 1960, a period during which the country was a dominion of the British Empire. On 27 April 1994, after decades of armed struggle against apartheid, during which military and political support was provided primarily by the Soviet Union, the non-racial African National Congress (ANC) achieved victory in the country's first democratic election. Since then the ANC has dominated the politics of the country in an alliance with the South African Communist Party and the Congress of South African Trade Unions.


History of South Africa sections
Intro  Prehistoric South Africa  Early European exploration  Early settlers  Boer people and republics  Colonisation  Frontier wars  Discovery of diamonds  Discovery of gold  The First Anglo-Boer War  The Second Anglo-Boer War  Unification of South Africa 1910-1960  First World War  Second World War  Pro-German and pro-Nazi attitudes  The apartheid era 1948-1991  Resistance to apartheid  Post-apartheid era  See also  References  Further reading  External links  

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