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Modern Standard Hindi (मानक हिन्दी mānak hindī), or commonly just Hindi (हिन्दी hindī), is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language. Modern Standard Hindi is the official language of the Union of India.

As of 2009, the best figure Ethnologue could find for speakers of actual Hindustani Hindi was 180 million in 1991.<ref name="e16"/> In the 2001 Indian census, 258 million (258,000,000) people in India reported Hindi to be their native language. However, this number includes tens of millions of people who are native speakers of related languages but who consider their speech to be a dialect of Hindi.

Hindi is the fourth most popular language in the world after Mandarin, Spanish and English.<ref name="Nationalencyklopedin">Mikael Parkvall, "Världens 100 största språk 2007" (The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007), in Nationalencyklopedin. Asterisks mark the 2010 estimates for the top dozen languages.</ref>


Hindi sections
Intro  Official status  History   Comparison with Modern Standard Urdu   Script  Sanskrit vocabulary  Literature  Sample text  See also  References  Further reading  External links  

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