::Herat

::concepts

Herat::afghan    Dynasty::century    Record::title    Empire::persian    Airport::thumb    Province::books

{{#invoke:Hatnote|hatnote}} {{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}}{{#invoke:Check for unknown parameters|check|unknown=|ignoreblank=y | name | official_name | native_name | native_name_lang | other_name | settlement_type | type | translit_lang1 | translit_lang1_type1 | translit_lang1_type | translit_lang1_info | translit_lang1_type2 | translit_lang1_info1 | translit_lang1_type3 | translit_lang1_info2 | translit_lang1_type4 | translit_lang1_info3 | translit_lang1_type5 | translit_lang1_info4 | translit_lang1_type6 | translit_lang1_info5 | translit_lang1_info6 | translit_lang2 | translit_lang2_type1 | translit_lang2_type | translit_lang2_info | translit_lang2_type2 | translit_lang2_info1 | translit_lang2_type3 | translit_lang2_info2 | translit_lang2_type4 | translit_lang2_info3 | translit_lang2_type5 | translit_lang2_info4 | translit_lang2_type6 | translit_lang2_info5 | translit_lang2_info6 | image_skyline | image | imagesize | image_alt | image_caption | image_flag | image_seal | image_shield | image_blank_emblem | pushpin_map_narrow | pushpin_map | flag_size | flag_border | flag_alt | flag_link | seal_size | seal_alt | seal_type | seal_link | shield_size | shield_alt | shield_link | blank_emblem_size | blank_emblem_alt | blank_emblem_type | blank_emblem_link | image_map | mapsize | map_alt | map_caption | pushpin_map_alt | pushpin_mapsize | pushpin_relief | pushpin_image | pushpin_overlay | pushpin_label_position | pushpin_label | pushpin_map_caption | nickname | motto | anthem | image_map1 | mapsize1 | map_alt1 | map_caption1 | pushpin_map1 | pushpin_map_alt1 | pushpin_mapsize1 | pushpin_relief1 | pushpin_image1 | pushpin_overlay1 | pushpin_label_position1 | pushpin_label1 | pushpin_map_caption1 | image_dot_map | coor_pinpoint | coor_type | coordinates_type | population_total | population | coordinates_region | grid_name | grid_position | coordinates_wikidata | latd | latm | lats | latNS | longd | longm | longs | longEW | coordinates_display | coordinates_format | coordinates_footnotes | subdivision_type | subdivision_name | subdivision_type1 | subdivision_name1 | subdivision_type2 | subdivision_name2 | subdivision_type3 | subdivision_name3 | subdivision_type4 | subdivision_name4 | subdivision_type5 | subdivision_name5 | subdivision_type6 | subdivision_name6 | established_title | established_date | established_title1 | established_date1 | established_title2 | established_date2 | established_title3 | established_date3 | established_title4 | established_date4 | extinct_title | extinct_date | founder | named_for | seat_type | seat | seat1_type | seat1 | parts_type | parts | p1 | parts_style | p2 | p3 | p4 | p5 | p6 | p7 | p8 | p9 | p10 | p11 | p12 | p13 | p14 | p15 | p16 | p17 | p18 | p19 | p20 | p21 | p22 | p23 | p24 | p25 | p26 | p27 | p28 | p29 | p30 | p31 | p32 | p33 | p34 | p35 | p36 | p37 | p38 | p39 | p40 | p41 | p42 | p43 | p44 | p45 | p46 | p47 | p48 | p49 | p50 | government_type | governing_body | leader_name | leader_name1 | leader_name2 | leader_name3 | leader_name4 | government_footnotes | leader_title | leader_party | leader_title1 | leader_title2 | leader_title3 | leader_title4 | area_total_km2 | area_total_ha | area_total_acre | area_total_sq_mi | area_total_dunam | area_land_km2 | area_land_ha | area_land_acre | area_land_sq_mi | area_water_km2 | area_water_ha | area_water_acre | area_water_sq_mi | area_urban_km2 | area_urban_ha | area_urban_acre | area_urban_sq_mi | area_rural_sq_mi | area_rural_ha | area_rural_acre | area_rural_km2 | area_metro_km2 | area_metro_ha | area_metro_acre | area_blank1_km2 | area_blank1_ha | area_blank1_acre | area_metro_sq_mi | area_blank1_sq_mi | total_type | area_footnotes | dunam_link | unit_pref | area_magnitude | area_land_dunam | area_water_dunam | area_water_percent | area_urban_footnotes | area_urban_dunam | area_rural_footnotes | area_rural_dunam | area_metro_footnotes | area_metro_dunam | area_rank | area_blank1_title | area_blank1_dunam | area_blank2_title | area_blank2_km2 | area_blank2_ha | area_blank2_acre | area_blank2_sq_mi | area_blank2_dunam | area_note | length_km | length_mi | width_km | width_mi | dimensions_footnotes | elevation_footnotes | elevation_point | elevation_m | elevation_ft | elevation_max_footnotes | elevation_max_point | elevation_max_m | elevation_max_ft | elevation_max_rank | elevation_min_rank | elevation_min_footnotes | elevation_min_point | elevation_min_m | elevation_min_ft | population_metro | population_urban | population_rural | population_as_of | population_footnotes | population_blank1 | population_blank2 | population_est | pop_est_as_of | pop_est_footnotes | population_rank | population_density_km2 | population_density_sq_mi | population_density_rank | population_urban_footnotes | population_density_urban_km2 | population_density_urban_sq_mi | population_rural_footnotes | population_density_rural_km2 | population_density_rural_sq_mi | population_metro_footnotes | population_density_metro_km2 | population_density_metro_sq_mi | population_blank1_title | population_blank1_footnotes | population_density_blank1_km2 | population_density_blank1_sq_mi | population_blank2_title | population_blank2_footnotes | population_density_blank2_km2 | population_density_blank2_sq_mi | population_note | population_demonym | demographics_type1 | demographics1_footnotes | demographics1_title1 | demographics1_info1 | demographics1_title2 | demographics1_info2 | demographics1_title3 | demographics1_info3 | demographics1_title4 | demographics1_info4 | demographics1_title5 | demographics1_info5 | demographics1_title6 | demographics1_info6 | demographics1_title7 | demographics1_info7 | demographics_type2 | demographics2_footnotes | demographics2_title1 | demographics2_info1 | demographics2_title2 | demographics2_info2 | demographics2_title3 | demographics2_info3 | demographics2_title4 | demographics2_info4 | demographics2_title5 | demographics2_info5 | demographics2_title6 | demographics2_info6 | demographics2_title7 | demographics2_info7 | timezone2 | timezone | timezone1 | utc_offset | utc_offset1 | utc_offset2 | timezone1_DST | timezone_DST | utc_offset1_DST | utc_offset_DST | timezone2_DST | utc_offset2_DST | postal_code_type | postal_code | postal2_code_type | postal2_code | area_code_type | area_code | geocode | iso_code | registration_plate | blank_name | blank_name_sec1 | blank_info | blank_info_sec1 | blank1_name | blank1_name_sec1 | blank1_info | blank1_info_sec1 | blank2_name | blank2_name_sec1 | blank2_info | blank2_info_sec1 | blank3_name | blank3_name_sec1 | blank3_info | blank3_info_sec1 | blank4_name | blank4_name_sec1 | blank4_info | blank4_info_sec1 | blank5_name | blank5_name_sec1 | blank5_info | blank5_info_sec1 | blank6_name | blank6_name_sec1 | blank6_info | blank6_info_sec1 | blank7_name | blank7_name_sec1 | blank7_info | blank7_info_sec1 | blank_name_sec2 | blank_info_sec2 | blank1_name_sec2 | blank1_info_sec2 | blank2_name_sec2 | blank2_info_sec2 | blank3_name_sec2 | blank3_info_sec2 | blank4_name_sec2 | blank4_info_sec2 | blank5_name_sec2 | blank5_info_sec2 | blank6_name_sec2 | blank6_info_sec2 | blank7_name_sec2 | blank7_info_sec2 | website | footnotes }}

Herat ({{#invoke:IPAc-en|main}};<ref>Herat - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-webster.com (2012-08-31). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.</ref> Persian: هرات; Pashto: هرات‎{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}) is the second largest city of Afghanistan. It has a population of about 808,110,<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> and serves as the capital of Herat province, situated in the fertile valley of the Hari River. It is linked with Kandahar and Mazar-e-Sharif via highway 1 or the ring road. It is further linked to the city of Mashhad in neighboring Iran through the border town of Islam Qala.

Herat dates back to the Avestan times and was traditionally known for its wine. The city has a number of historic sites, including the Herat Citadel and the Mosallah Complex. During the Middle Ages Herat became one of the important cities of Khorasan, as it was known as the Pearl of Khorasan.<ref name="Mustawfi"/> It has been governed by various Afghan rulers since the early 18th century.<ref name=Singh>Singh, Ganda (1959). Ahmad Shah Durrani, father of modern Afghanistan. Asia Publishing House, Bombay. (PDF version 66 MB)</ref> In 1717, the city was invaded by the Hotaki forces until they were expelled by the Afsharids in 1736. After Nadir Shah's death and Ahmad Shah Durrani's rise to power in 1747, Herat became part of Afghanistan.<ref name=Singh/> It witnessed some political disturbances and military invasions during the early half of the 19th century but the 1857 Treaty of Paris ended hostilities of the Anglo-Persian War.<ref>Daniel Wagner and Giorgio Cafiero: The Paradoxical Afghan/Iranian Alliance. In: The Huffington Post: 11/15/2013.</ref> Herat suffered from extensive destruction during the Soviet war in the 1980s, but certain parts of the city has been spared from it.

Herat lies on the ancient trade routes of the Middle East, Central and South Asia. The roads from Herat to Iran, Turkmenistan, and other parts of Afghanistan are still strategically important. As the gateway to Iran, it collects high amount of customs revenue for Afghanistan.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=news }}</ref> The city has an international airport.

Herat is the Regional Hub in western Afghanistan in close proximity to Iran and Turkmenistan. Herat has high residential density clustered around the core of the city. However vacant plots account for a higher percentage of the city (21%)<ref name=UN-Habitat-2>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> than residential land use (18%) and agricultural is the largest percentage of total land use (36%).<ref name=UN-Habitat-2>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

The total population of Herat City is 808,110. <ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>


Herat sections
Intro  History  Climate  Demography  Transport  Places of interest  Gallery  Herat in fiction  See also  References  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: History
<<>>