Actions

Help

::IPA for Swedish

::concepts

Style::center    Audio::swedish    Vowel::ipablink    English::front    Dialects::rhotic    Received::somewhat

The chart below shows how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Swedish pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. The pronunciation is based primarily on Central Standard Swedish. See Swedish phonology for details about pronunciation.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximation
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] About this sound bok book
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ɕ]] About this sound kjol sheep
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] About this sound dop dad
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ɖ]] About this sound nord<ref name=retroflex>In many of the dialects that have an apical rhotic consonant, a recursive Sandhi process of retroflexion occurs wherein clusters of /r/ and dental consonants /rd/, /rl/, /rn/, /rs/, /rt/ produce retroflex consonant realizations: [[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|ɖ]]], [[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|ɭ]]], [[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|ɳ]]], [[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|ʂ]]], [[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|ʈ]]]. In dialects with a guttural R, such as Southern Swedish, these are [ʁd], [ʁl], [ʁn], [ʁs], [ʁt].</ref> order
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] About this sound fot foot
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ɡ]] About this sound god good
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] About this sound hot hat
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ɧ]] About this sound sjok<ref name=heng>Swedish /ɧ/ is a regionally variable sound, sometimes [[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ʷ]]], [[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ɸˠ]]], or [[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|ʂ]]].</ref>
somewhat like shoe (varies regionally)
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] About this sound jord, About this sound Sverige yoyo
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] About this sound kon cone
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] About this sound lov lack
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ɭ]] About this sound rl<ref name=retroflex/> somewhat like carl
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] About this sound mod mode
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] About this sound nod node
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ɳ]] About this sound barn<ref name=retroflex/> turner
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ŋ]] About this sound ng long
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] About this sound pol pole
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] About this sound rov<ref name=r>/r/ varies considerably in different dialects. It is pronounced alveolar or similarly in virtually all dialects except South Swedish dialects where it is uvular, similar to the Parisian French "r". At the beginning of a syllable, it can also be pronounced as a fricative [[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ʒ]]] as in English "genre" or "vision".</ref> a trilled r when articulated clearly or in slow or formal speech; in normal speech, it is usually a tapped r or an alveolar approximant
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] About this sound sot soot
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ʂ]] About this sound torsdag<ref name=retroflex/> marshal (in some dialects)
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] About this sound tok tea
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ʈ]] About this sound parti<ref name=retroflex/> cartel
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] About this sound våt vote
Rare sounds
IPA Examples English approximation
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] webb web
IPA Examples English approximation
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ː]] Zlatan, Bratislava father
œɪ Creutz, Reuter void
Vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ɑː]] About this sound mat bra
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}]] About this sound matt RP hat
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ː]] About this sound hel hear
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ɛː]] About this sound häl<ref name=rhotic>Before /r/, the quality of non-high front vowels is changed: /ɛː/ and /ɛ/ are lowered to [[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|æː]]] and [[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}|æ]]]; whereas the close-mid /øː/, and mid /œ/ are lowered to open-mid [œː] and [œ].</ref> RP pair
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ɛ]] About this sound häll<ref name=rhotic/> sell
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}æː]] About this sound ära<ref name=rhotic/> ham
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}æ]] About this sound ärt<ref name=rhotic/> trap
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ː]] About this sound sil leaf
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ɪ]] About this sound sill hill
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ː]] About this sound mål floor
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ɔ]] About this sound moll RP pot
øː About this sound nöt<ref name=compressed/> somewhat like RP burn
œː About this sound öra<ref name=rhotic/><ref name=compressed/>
œ About this sound nött<ref name=compressed/> somewhat like RP nurse
ʉː About this sound ful<ref name=compressed>/ɵ, ʉː, ʊ, uː/ are compressed vowels, whereas /œ, œː, øː, ʏ, yː/ are protruded; see roundedness for details.</ref> like Scottish do
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ɵ]] About this sound full<ref name=compressed/> somewhat like put
About this sound bot<ref name=compressed/> boot
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ʊ]] About this sound bott<ref name=compressed/> put
About this sound syl<ref name=compressed/> no English equivalent; German long ü
ʏ About this sound syll<ref name=compressed/> no English equivalent; German short ü
unstressed
[[{{#invoke:IPA symbol|main}}ə]] About this sound be about
Stress and tone
IPA Examples Explanation
ˈa anden
[ˈanːdɛn]
tone 1 / acute accent:
• single stress with single falling tone in Stockholm: [ˈânːdɛn]
ˈa.ˈa anden
[ˈanːˈdɛn]
tone 2 / grave accent:
• double stress with double falling tone in Stockholm: [ˈânːˈdɛ̂n]

Help:IPA for Swedish sections
Intro  Notes  Bibliography  External links  

PREVIOUS: IntroNEXT: Notes
<<>>